Publication

Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation

van Belzen, J., van de Koppel, J., Kirwan, M. L., van der Wal, D., Herman, P. M. J., Dakos, V., Kéfi, S., Scheffer, M., Guntenspergen, G. R. & Bouma, T. J., 9-Jun-2017, In : Nature Communications. 8, 7 p., 15811.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

van Belzen, J., van de Koppel, J., Kirwan, M. L., van der Wal, D., Herman, P. M. J., Dakos, V., ... Bouma, T. J. (2017). Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation. Nature Communications, 8, [15811]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15811

Author

van Belzen, Jim ; van de Koppel, Johan ; Kirwan, Matthew L. ; van der Wal, Daphne ; Herman, Peter M. J. ; Dakos, Vasilis ; Kéfi, Sonia ; Scheffer, Marten ; Guntenspergen, Glenn R. ; Bouma, Tjeerd J. / Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation. In: Nature Communications. 2017 ; Vol. 8.

Harvard

van Belzen, J, van de Koppel, J, Kirwan, ML, van der Wal, D, Herman, PMJ, Dakos, V, Kéfi, S, Scheffer, M, Guntenspergen, GR & Bouma, TJ 2017, 'Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation', Nature Communications, vol. 8, 15811. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15811

Standard

Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation. / van Belzen, Jim; van de Koppel, Johan; Kirwan, Matthew L.; van der Wal, Daphne; Herman, Peter M. J.; Dakos, Vasilis; Kéfi, Sonia; Scheffer, Marten; Guntenspergen, Glenn R.; Bouma, Tjeerd J.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 8, 15811, 09.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

van Belzen J, van de Koppel J, Kirwan ML, van der Wal D, Herman PMJ, Dakos V et al. Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation. Nature Communications. 2017 Jun 9;8. 15811. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15811


BibTeX

@article{01102d1de5884af99a36649ace1cb185,
title = "Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation",
abstract = "A declining rate of recovery following disturbance has been proposed as an important early warning for impending tipping points in complex systems. Despite extensive theoretical and laboratory studies, this 'critical slowing down' remains largely untested in the complex settings of real-world ecosystems. Here, we provide both observational and experimental support of critical slowing down along natural stress gradients in tidal marsh ecosystems. Time series of aerial images of European marsh development reveal a consistent lengthening of recovery time as inundation stress increases. We corroborate this finding with transplantation experiments in European and North American tidal marshes. In particular, our results emphasize the power of direct observational or experimental measures of recovery over indirect statistical signatures, such as spatial variance or autocorrelation. Our results indicate that the phenomenon of critical slowing down can provide a powerful tool to probe the resilience of natural ecosystems.",
keywords = "EARLY-WARNING SIGNALS, CRITICAL TRANSITIONS, WETLAND STABILITY, TIPPING POINT, SALT MARSHES, ECOSYSTEMS, COLLAPSE, SHIFTS, THRESHOLDS, RESILIENCE",
author = "{van Belzen}, Jim and {van de Koppel}, Johan and Kirwan, {Matthew L.} and {van der Wal}, Daphne and Herman, {Peter M. J.} and Vasilis Dakos and Sonia K{\'e}fi and Marten Scheffer and Guntenspergen, {Glenn R.} and Bouma, {Tjeerd J.}",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms15811",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vegetation recovery in tidal marshes reveals critical slowing down under increased inundation

AU - van Belzen, Jim

AU - van de Koppel, Johan

AU - Kirwan, Matthew L.

AU - van der Wal, Daphne

AU - Herman, Peter M. J.

AU - Dakos, Vasilis

AU - Kéfi, Sonia

AU - Scheffer, Marten

AU - Guntenspergen, Glenn R.

AU - Bouma, Tjeerd J.

PY - 2017/6/9

Y1 - 2017/6/9

N2 - A declining rate of recovery following disturbance has been proposed as an important early warning for impending tipping points in complex systems. Despite extensive theoretical and laboratory studies, this 'critical slowing down' remains largely untested in the complex settings of real-world ecosystems. Here, we provide both observational and experimental support of critical slowing down along natural stress gradients in tidal marsh ecosystems. Time series of aerial images of European marsh development reveal a consistent lengthening of recovery time as inundation stress increases. We corroborate this finding with transplantation experiments in European and North American tidal marshes. In particular, our results emphasize the power of direct observational or experimental measures of recovery over indirect statistical signatures, such as spatial variance or autocorrelation. Our results indicate that the phenomenon of critical slowing down can provide a powerful tool to probe the resilience of natural ecosystems.

AB - A declining rate of recovery following disturbance has been proposed as an important early warning for impending tipping points in complex systems. Despite extensive theoretical and laboratory studies, this 'critical slowing down' remains largely untested in the complex settings of real-world ecosystems. Here, we provide both observational and experimental support of critical slowing down along natural stress gradients in tidal marsh ecosystems. Time series of aerial images of European marsh development reveal a consistent lengthening of recovery time as inundation stress increases. We corroborate this finding with transplantation experiments in European and North American tidal marshes. In particular, our results emphasize the power of direct observational or experimental measures of recovery over indirect statistical signatures, such as spatial variance or autocorrelation. Our results indicate that the phenomenon of critical slowing down can provide a powerful tool to probe the resilience of natural ecosystems.

KW - EARLY-WARNING SIGNALS

KW - CRITICAL TRANSITIONS

KW - WETLAND STABILITY

KW - TIPPING POINT

KW - SALT MARSHES

KW - ECOSYSTEMS

KW - COLLAPSE

KW - SHIFTS

KW - THRESHOLDS

KW - RESILIENCE

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms15811

DO - 10.1038/ncomms15811

M3 - Article

C2 - 28598430

VL - 8

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 15811

ER -

ID: 65270847