Vanin 1: Its Physiological Function and Role in Diseases

Bartucci, R., Salvati, A., Olinga, P. & Boersma, Y. L., 9-Aug-2019, In : International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 20, 16

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

The enzyme vascular non-inflammatory molecule-1 (vanin 1) is highly expressed at gene and protein level in many organs, such as the liver, intestine, and kidney. Its major function is related to its pantetheinase activity; vanin 1 breaks down pantetheine in cysteamine and pantothenic acid, a precursor of coenzyme A. Indeed, its physiological role seems strictly related to coenzyme A metabolism, lipid metabolism, and energy production. In recent years, many studies have elucidated the role of vanin 1 under physiological conditions in relation to oxidative stress and inflammation. Vanin's enzymatic activity was found to be of key importance in certain diseases, either for its protective effect or as a sensitizer, depending on the diseased organ. In this review, we discuss the role of vanin 1 in the liver, kidney, intestine, and lung under physiological as well as pathophysiological conditions. Thus, we provide a more complete understanding and overview of its complex function and contribution to some specific pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 9-Aug-2019

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ID: 93965742