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Validity and suitability of the Bayley-III Low Motor/Vision version: A comparative study among young children with and without motor and/or visual impairments

Visser, L., Ruiter, S., van der Meulen, B., Ruijssenaars, W. & Timmerman, M., Nov-2013, In : Research in Developmental Disabilities. 34, 11, p. 3736-3745 10 p.

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DOI

The aim of the present study was to examine the validity of the Bayley-III Low Motor/Vision version, and its suitability for children with motor and/or visual impairment(s). This version contains accommodated items, that is, adaptations to minimize impairment bias, without altering what the test measures. We hypothesized that the accommodations would not affect the item scores of children without impairment, and that children with impairment(s) would benefit from the accommodations. We tested 41 children without impairment and 63 children with impairment with both the standard Bayley-III and the Low Motor/Vision versions, in randomly counterbalanced order. The test administrators filled in an evaluation form. Results showed that the accommodations did not affect the test scores of children without impairment and did improve the test scores of children with impairment on the Cognition scale, while no improvement was found for the other scales. The test administrators indicated that the vast majority of the children with impairment had been able to show their abilities on the test and that the accommodations were beneficial in 29 out of these 52 cases. For some children, the accommodated instrument appeared to be unsuitable because the impairment was too severe. The conclusion is that the accommodations improve the validity of the Bayley-III when used with children with mild to moderate motor and/or visual impairment, especially with regard to the Cognition scale. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3736-3745
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume34
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2013

    Keywords

  • Developmental assessment, Young children, Motor impairment, Visual impairment, Accommodations, DISABILITIES

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