Validity and feasibility of a temperature sensor for measuring use and non-use of orthopaedic footwear

Lutjeboer, T., Van Netten, J. J., Postema, K. & Hijmans, J. M., Nov-2018, In : Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 50, 10, p. 920-926 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Objective: Adherence is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of orthopaedic footwear. The aim of this study is to assess the validity of a new temperature sensor for objective assessment of footwear use and non-use.

Design: Observational study.

Methods: The validity of a temperature sensor (Orthotimer, Balingen, Germany) to discriminate between time periods of use and non-use of footwear over a period of 48 h was assessed using 3 algorithms, in 10 healthy participants (mean age 32.8 years (standard deviation (SD) 14.1 years)). Footwear use measured with the sensor was compared with a reference standard, footwear use measured with a time-lapse sports camera secured to the shoe. Main outcome measure: Hours of footwear use.

Results: Mean footwear use measured with the camera was 8.10 (SD 2.46) h per day. Mean footwear uses measured with the sensor and calculated with the 3 algorithms were 8.16 (SD 2.37), 8.86 (SD 2.48) and 4.91 (SD 3.17) h per day for the Groningen algorithm, algorithm-25, and algorithm-29, respectively. The correlation between footwear use assessed with the camera and with the sensor was: r(Groningen) = 0.995, r(alg25) = 0.919 and r(alg29) = 0.680).

Conclusion: The temperature sensor is a valid instrument to measure footwear use and non-use when using the Groningen algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)920-926
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Issue number10
Early online date2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2018


  • orthopaedic footwear, adherence, use, temperature sensor, validity, feasibility, RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, PRESCRIBED FOOTWEAR, DIABETIC FOOTWEAR, SHOES, ADHERENCE, PRESCRIPTION, TECHNOLOGY, PEOPLE, BIAS

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