Publication

Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards

Borg, C., de Jong, P. J. & Schultz, W. W., Jan-2011, In : Journal of Sexual Medicine. 8, 1, p. 223-231 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Borg, C., de Jong, P. J., & Schultz, W. W. (2011). Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 8(1), 223-231. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02080.x

Author

Borg, Charmaine ; de Jong, Peter J. ; Schultz, Willibrord Weijmar. / Vaginismus and dyspareunia : Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. In: Journal of Sexual Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 223-231.

Harvard

Borg, C, de Jong, PJ & Schultz, WW 2011, 'Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards', Journal of Sexual Medicine, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 223-231. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02080.x

Standard

Vaginismus and dyspareunia : Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. / Borg, Charmaine; de Jong, Peter J.; Schultz, Willibrord Weijmar.

In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 223-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Borg C, de Jong PJ, Schultz WW. Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. Journal of Sexual Medicine. 2011 Jan;8(1):223-231. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02080.x


BibTeX

@article{d362479be90f4e0496e27dce743563c6,
title = "Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards",
abstract = "Introduction.Relatively strong adherence to conservative values and/or relatively strict sex-related moral standards logically restricts the sexual repertoire and will lower the threshold for experiencing negative emotions in a sexual context. In turn, this may generate withdrawal and avoidance behavior, which is at the nucleus of vaginismus.Aim.To examine whether indeed strong adherence to conservative morals and/or strict sexual standards may be involved in vaginismus.Main Outcome Measures.The Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) to investigate the individual's value pattern and the Sexual Disgust Questionnaire (SDQ) to index the willingness to perform certain sexual activities as an indirect measure of sex-related moral standards.Methods.The SVS and SDQ were completed by three groups: women diagnosed with vaginismus (N = 24), a group of women diagnosed with dyspareunia (N = 24), and a healthy control group of women without sexual complaints (N = 32).Results.Specifically, the vaginismus group showed relatively low scores on liberal values together with comparatively high scores on conservative values. Additionally, the vaginismus group was more restricted in their readiness to perform particular sex-related behaviors than the control group. The dyspareunia group, on both the SVS and the SDQ, placed between the vaginismus and the control group, but not significantly different than either of the groups.Conclusions.The findings are consistent with the view that low liberal and high conservative values, along with restricted sexual standards, are involved in the development/maintenance of vaginismus. Borg C, de Jong PJ, and Weijmar Schultz W. Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. J Sex Med 2011;8:223-231.",
keywords = "Vaginismus, Dyspareunia, Sexual Pain Disorders, Liberal Values, Conservative Values, Sexual-Morality, Sex-Related Attitudes, GOLOMBOK RUST INVENTORY, LIFELONG VAGINISMUS, SATISFACTION GRISS, DUTCH POPULATION, HUMAN-VALUES, DISGUST, WOMEN, BEHAVIOR, PAIN, DYSFUNCTION",
author = "Charmaine Borg and {de Jong}, {Peter J.} and Schultz, {Willibrord Weijmar}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02080.x",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "223--231",
journal = "Journal of Sexual Medicine",
issn = "1743-6095",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCI LTD",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vaginismus and dyspareunia

T2 - Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards

AU - Borg, Charmaine

AU - de Jong, Peter J.

AU - Schultz, Willibrord Weijmar

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - Introduction.Relatively strong adherence to conservative values and/or relatively strict sex-related moral standards logically restricts the sexual repertoire and will lower the threshold for experiencing negative emotions in a sexual context. In turn, this may generate withdrawal and avoidance behavior, which is at the nucleus of vaginismus.Aim.To examine whether indeed strong adherence to conservative morals and/or strict sexual standards may be involved in vaginismus.Main Outcome Measures.The Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) to investigate the individual's value pattern and the Sexual Disgust Questionnaire (SDQ) to index the willingness to perform certain sexual activities as an indirect measure of sex-related moral standards.Methods.The SVS and SDQ were completed by three groups: women diagnosed with vaginismus (N = 24), a group of women diagnosed with dyspareunia (N = 24), and a healthy control group of women without sexual complaints (N = 32).Results.Specifically, the vaginismus group showed relatively low scores on liberal values together with comparatively high scores on conservative values. Additionally, the vaginismus group was more restricted in their readiness to perform particular sex-related behaviors than the control group. The dyspareunia group, on both the SVS and the SDQ, placed between the vaginismus and the control group, but not significantly different than either of the groups.Conclusions.The findings are consistent with the view that low liberal and high conservative values, along with restricted sexual standards, are involved in the development/maintenance of vaginismus. Borg C, de Jong PJ, and Weijmar Schultz W. Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. J Sex Med 2011;8:223-231.

AB - Introduction.Relatively strong adherence to conservative values and/or relatively strict sex-related moral standards logically restricts the sexual repertoire and will lower the threshold for experiencing negative emotions in a sexual context. In turn, this may generate withdrawal and avoidance behavior, which is at the nucleus of vaginismus.Aim.To examine whether indeed strong adherence to conservative morals and/or strict sexual standards may be involved in vaginismus.Main Outcome Measures.The Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) to investigate the individual's value pattern and the Sexual Disgust Questionnaire (SDQ) to index the willingness to perform certain sexual activities as an indirect measure of sex-related moral standards.Methods.The SVS and SDQ were completed by three groups: women diagnosed with vaginismus (N = 24), a group of women diagnosed with dyspareunia (N = 24), and a healthy control group of women without sexual complaints (N = 32).Results.Specifically, the vaginismus group showed relatively low scores on liberal values together with comparatively high scores on conservative values. Additionally, the vaginismus group was more restricted in their readiness to perform particular sex-related behaviors than the control group. The dyspareunia group, on both the SVS and the SDQ, placed between the vaginismus and the control group, but not significantly different than either of the groups.Conclusions.The findings are consistent with the view that low liberal and high conservative values, along with restricted sexual standards, are involved in the development/maintenance of vaginismus. Borg C, de Jong PJ, and Weijmar Schultz W. Vaginismus and dyspareunia: Relationship with general and sex-related moral standards. J Sex Med 2011;8:223-231.

KW - Vaginismus

KW - Dyspareunia

KW - Sexual Pain Disorders

KW - Liberal Values

KW - Conservative Values

KW - Sexual-Morality

KW - Sex-Related Attitudes

KW - GOLOMBOK RUST INVENTORY

KW - LIFELONG VAGINISMUS

KW - SATISFACTION GRISS

KW - DUTCH POPULATION

KW - HUMAN-VALUES

KW - DISGUST

KW - WOMEN

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - PAIN

KW - DYSFUNCTION

U2 - 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02080.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02080.x

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 223

EP - 231

JO - Journal of Sexual Medicine

JF - Journal of Sexual Medicine

SN - 1743-6095

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 2193502