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Urinary sulfur metabolites associate with a favorable cardiovascular risk profile and survival benefit in renal transplant recipients

van den Berg, E., Pasch, A., Westendorp, W. H., Navis, G., Brink, E. J., Gans, R. O. B., van Goor, H. & Bakker, S. J. L., Jun-2014, In : Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 25, 6, p. 1303-1312 10 p.

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  • Urinary sulfur metabolites associate with a favorable cardiovascular risk profile

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DOI

In post-transplant conditions, sulfur may be protective by intermediate conversion to hydrogen sulfide and thiosulfate. However, sulfate, the end product of sulfur-containing amino acids (SAAs), contributes to metabolic acid load and may adversely influence acid-base homeostasis. We investigated the association of urinary sulfur metabolites with cardiometabolic parameters in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) and analyzed their predictive capacity for mortality. We studied urinary sulfate and thiosulfate excretion in 24-hour urine samples from 707 RTRs at a median 5.4 years (interquartile range, 1.9 to 12.2) after transplantation as well as from 110 controls. Diet was assessed for SAA content and various risk factors were measured. Urinary sulfate was similar, whereas thiosulfate was higher in RTRs versus controls. SAA intake was lower in RTRs compared with controls and correlated with sulfate but not thiosulfate excretion. Sulfate beneficially associated with eGFR, net acid excretion, systolic BP, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide, and proteinuria (all P≤0.01). Thiosulfate beneficially associated with eGFR, serum acidity, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (all P≤0.001). During a median 27 months (interquartile range, 22-36) of follow-up, 47 RTRs died. After adjustment for age, sex, and eGFR, hazard ratios for mortality were 0.87 (95% confidence interval, 0.82 to 0.92; P<0.001) for urinary sulfate and 0.60 (95% confidence interval, 0.41 to 0.59; P=0.01) for thiosulfate. Thus, despite the association of urinary sulfate with metabolic acid load, urinary sulfate and thiosulfate beneficially associated with survival in RTRs, possibly by influencing cardiovascular parameters. Intervention studies with exogenous sulfur are warranted to elucidate mechanisms underlying these promising associations in RTRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1312
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume25
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2014

    Keywords

  • ANIMATION-LIKE STATE, HYDROGEN-SULFIDE, SODIUM THIOSULFATE, ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, BLOOD-PRESSURE, ACID LOAD, MICE, INFLAMMATION, SULFATE, KIDNEY
Related Datasets
  1. TransplantLines

    Bakker, S. (Creator), Leuvenink, H. (Creator), Porte, R. (Creator), University of Groningen, 2017

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ID: 15555411