Ultralightweight and 3D Squeezable Graphene-Polydimethylsiloxane Composite Foams as Piezoresistive Sensors

Sengupta, D., Pei, Y. & Kottapalli, A. G. P., 25-Sep-2019, In : ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 11, 38, p. 35201-35211 11 p., 9b11776.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The growing demand for flexible, ultrasensitive, squeezable, skin-mountable and wearable sensors tailored to the requirements of personalized health care monitoring has fueled the necessity to explore novel nanomaterial-polymer composite-based sensors. Herein, we report a sensitive, 3D squeezable graphene-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) foam-based piezoresistive sensor realized by infusing multi-layered graphene nanoparticles into a sugar scaffolded porous PDMS foam structure. Static and dynamic compressive strain testing of the resulting piezoresistive foams sensors revealed two linear response regions with an average gauge factor of 2.87 ~ 8.77 over a strain range of 0-50 %. Furthermore, the dynamic stimulus-response revealed the ability of the sensors to effectively track dynamic pressure up to a frequency of 70 Hz. In addition, the sensors displayed a high stability over 36000 cycles of cyclic compressive loading and 100 cycles of complete human gait motion. The 3D sensing foams were applied to experimentally demonstrate accurate human gait monitoring through both simulated gait models and real-time gait characterization experiments. The real-time gait experiments conducted demonstrate that the information of the pressure profile obtained at three locations in the shoe sole could not only differentiate between different kinds of human gait including walking and running, but also identify possible fall conditions. This work also demonstrates the capability of the sensors to differentiate between foot anatomies, such as a flat foot (low central arch) and a medium arch foot which is biomechanically more efficient. Furthermore, the sensors were able to sense various basic joint movement responses demonstrating their suitability for personalized healthcare applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9b11776
Pages (from-to)35201-35211
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 25-Sep-2019


  • multilayer graphene, piezoresistive sensor, squeezable sensor, flexible sensor, gait monitoring, STRAIN SENSORS, POLYURETHANE SPONGE, MECHANICAL ENERGY, NANOGENERATOR, LIGHTWEIGHT, PRESSURE, WALKING, SCALE, FILMS

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