Publication

Two-phase endolymphatic hydrops: A new dynamic guinea pig model

Dunnebier, EA., Segenhout, JM., Wit, HP. & Albers, FWJ., Jan-1997, In : Acta oto-Laryngologica. 117, 1, p. 13-19 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • EA Dunnebier
  • JM Segenhout
  • HP Wit
  • FWJ Albers

The classical guinea pig model for Meniere's disease, in which endolymphatic hydrops was achieved by destruction of the endolymphatic sac and obliteration of the endolymphatic duct, is a non-physiological profound model with shortcomings in relation to Meniere's disease as seen in patients. We developed a more subtle animal model; the two-phase endolymphatic hydrops. This model is based on a combination of chronic endolymphatic sac dysfunction, induced by slight destruction of the most distal part of the endolymphatic sac, and acute stress-induced endolymph production by stimulation of the Na/K-ATPase in the stria vascularis with aldosterone. Light microscopy of the fluid compartments of four groups of cochleas was used to examine them for the presence of endolymphatic hydrops: i) Normal (control) cochleas showed no hydrops; ii) some of the non-operated (no destruction) aldosterone-treated cochleas showed small degrees of hydrops mainly present in the basal turns; iii) mild dissection of the endolymphatic sac without administration of aldosterone produced a hydrops which was mainly present in the cochlear apex; iv) combination of chronic endolymphatic sac dysfunction and acute attacks of endolymph production by aldosterone administration revealed the most severe degrees of hydrops in ail cochlear windings, damage to cochlear structures, and cellular disturbances of the epithelial lining of the endolymphatic sac. This new model may represent a more physiologic and dynamic approach to Meniere's disease and may explain the etiology of many symptoms in patients such as the fluctuant nature and the types of sensoneurinal hearing losses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalActa oto-Laryngologica
Volume117
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-1997

    Keywords

  • aldosterone, endolymphatic hydrops, guinea pigs, Meniere's disease, Na/K-ATPase, K+-ATPASE, INNER-EAR, SAC, NA+

ID: 6499870