Two Major Archaeal Pseudomurein Endoisopeptidases: PeiW and PeiP

Visweswaran, G. R. R., Dijkstra, B. W. & Kok, J., 2010, In : Archaea-An international microbiological journal. 2010, 3, p. 1-4 4 p., 480492.

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  • Ganesh Ram R. Visweswaran
  • Bauke W. Dijkstra
  • Jan Kok

PeiW (UniProtKB Q7LYX0) and PeiP (UniProtKB Q77WJ4) are the two major pseudomurein endoisopeptidases (Pei) that are known to cleave pseudomurein cell-wall sacculi of the members of the methanogenic orders Methanobacteriales and Methanopyrales. Both enzymes, originating from prophages specific for some methanogenic archaeal species, hydrolyze the epsilon (Ala)-Lys bond of the peptide linker between adjacent pseudomurein layers. Because lysozyme is not able to cleave the pseudomurein cell wall, the enzymes are used in protoplast preparation and in DNA isolation from pseudomurein cell-wall-containing methanogens. Moreover, PeiW increases the probe permeability ratio and enables fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and catalyzed reporter deposition (CARD-) FISH experiments to be performed on these methanogens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number480492
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalArchaea-An international microbiological journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010



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