Towards Determining Kinetics of Annihilation Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence by Concentration-Dependent Luminescent Intensity

Mathwig, K. & Sojic, N., Apr-2019, In : Journal of analysis and testing. 3, 2, p. 160-165 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

In ion-annihilation electrochemiluminescence (ECL), luminophore ions are generated by oxidation as well as reduction at electrodes surfaces, and subsequently recombine into an electronically excited state, which emits light. The intensity of the emitted light is often limited by the kinetic rate of recombination of the luminophore ion species. Recombination or annihilation rates are high ranging up to approximately 10(10) M-1 s(-1) and can be difficult to determine using scanning electrochemical microscopy or high-frequency oscillations of an electrode potential. Here, we propose determining annihilation kinetics by measuring the relative change of the emitted light intensity as a function of luminophore concentration. Using finite element simulations of annihilation ECL in a geometry of two closely spaced electrodes biased at constant potentials, we show that, with increasing concentrations, luminescence intensity crosses over from a quadratic dependence on concentration to a linear regime-depending on the rate of annihilation. Our numerical results are applicable to scanning electrochemical microscopy as well as nanofluidic electrochemical devices to determine fast ion-annihilation kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-165
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of analysis and testing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2019


  • Electrogenerated chemiluminescence, Annihilation, Mechanisms, Ion-annihilation kinetics, Redox cycling, Nanogap transducer, ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE, MICROSCOPY, GENERATION, DIFFUSION

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