Publication

Time for the Global Rollout of Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction

Koegelenberg, C. F. N., Slebos, D-J., Shah, P. L., Theron, J., Dheda, K., Allwood, B. W. & Herth, F. J. F., 2015, In : Respiration. 90, 5, p. 430-440 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

  • Coenraad F. N. Koegelenberg
  • Dirk-Jan Slebos
  • Pallav L. Shah
  • Johan Theron
  • Keertan Dheda
  • Brian W. Allwood
  • Felix J. F. Herth

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease remains one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The disease is generally managed with pharmacotherapy, as well as guidance about smoking cessation and pulmonary rehabilitation. Endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) has been proposed for the treatment of advanced emphysema, with the aim of obtaining the same clinical and functional advantages of surgical lung volume reduction whilst potentially reducing risks and costs. There is a growing body of evidence that certain well-defined sub-groups of patients with advanced emphysema may benefit from ELVR, provided the selection criteria are met and a systematic approach is followed. ELVR devices, particularly unidirectional valves and coils, are currently being rolled out to many countries outside of the USA and Europe, although very few centres currently have the capacity to correctly evaluate and provide ELVR to prospective candidates. The high cost of these interventions underpins the need for careful patient selection to best identify those who may or may not benefit from ELVR-related procedures. The aim of this review is to provide the practicing pulmonologist with an overview of the practical aspects and current evidence for the use of the various techniques available, and to suggest an evidence-based approach for the appropriate use of these devices, particularly in emerging markets, where there should be a drive to develop and equip key specialised ELVR units. (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-440
Number of pages11
JournalRespiration
Volume90
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

  • Coils, Emphysema, Endoscopic lung volume reduction, Valves, THERMAL VAPOR ABLATION, OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, SEVERE EMPHYSEMA, COIL TREATMENT, HETEROGENEOUS EMPHYSEMA, MULTICENTER TRIAL, RANDOMIZED-TRIAL, MEDICAL THERAPY, AIRWAY BYPASS, VALVES

ID: 28313621