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The sloan lens acs survey. II. Stellar populations and internal structure of early-type lens galaxies

Treu, T., Koopmans, L. V., Bolton, A. S., Burles, S. & Moustakas, L. A., 1-Apr-2006, In : Astrophysical Journal. 640, 2, p. 662-672 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

We use HST images to derive effective radii and effective surface brightnesses of 15 early-type (E+S0) lens galaxies identified by the SLACS Survey. Our measurements are combined with stellar velocity dispersions from the SDSS database to investigate for the first time the distribution of lens galaxies in the fundamental plane (FP) space. Accounting for selection effects (top priority to the largest Einstein radii and thus approximately to the largest velocity dispersions, σ>~240 km s-1) and for passive evolution, the distribution of the lens galaxies inside the FP is indistinguishable from that of the parent sample of SDSS galaxies. We conclude that SLACS lenses are a fair sample of high velocity dispersion E+S0s. By comparing the central stellar velocity dispersion (σ) with the velocity dispersion that best fits the lensing models (σSIE) we find ≡=1.01+/-0.02 with 0.065 rms scatter. We infer that within the Einstein radii (typically Re/2) the SLACS lenses are very well approximated by isothermal ellipsoids, requiring a fine tuning of the stellar and dark matter distribution (the bulge-halo ``conspiracy''). Interpreting the offset from the local FP in terms of evolution of the stellar mass-to-light ratio, we find dlog(M/LB)/dz=-0.69+/-0.08 (rms 0.11) consistent with the rate found for field E+S0s and with most of the stars being old (zf>2) and less than ~10% of the stellar mass having formed below z=1. We discuss our results in the context of formation mechanisms such as collisionless (``dry'') mergers. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. These observations are associated with program 10174. Support for program 10174 was provided by NASA through a grant from STScI, which is operated by the AURA, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-672
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume640
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1-Apr-2006

    Keywords

  • galaxies : elliptical and lenticular, cD, galaxies : evolution, galaxies : formation, galaxies : structure, gravitational lensing, DIGITAL SKY SURVEY, FIELD ELLIPTIC GALAXIES, SPECTROSCOPIC TARGET SELECTION, DYNAMICALLY HOT GALAXIES, DARK-MATTER HALOS, TO-LIGHT RATIOS, FUNDAMENTAL PLANE, GRAVITATIONAL LENS, INTERMEDIATE-REDSHIFT, RED GALAXIES
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  1. Erratum: The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. II. Stellar Populations and Internal Structure of Early-Type Lens Galaxies (ApJ, 640, 662 [2006])

    Treu, T., Koopmans, L. V. E., Bolton, A. S., Burles, S. & Moustakas, L. A., 1-Oct-2006, In : The Astrophysical Journal. 650, p. 1219-1219 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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