The Sec translocasedu Plessis, D. J. F., Nouwen, N. & Driessen, A. J. M., Mar-2011, In : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes. 1808, 3, p. 851-865 15 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › Academic › peer-review
The vast majority of proteins trafficking across or into the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane occur via the translocon. The translocon consists of the SecYEG complex that forms an evolutionarily conserved heterotrimeric protein-conducting membrane channel that functions in conjunction with a variety of ancillary proteins. For posttranslational protein translocation, the translocon interacts with the cytosolic motor protein SecA that drives the ATP-dependent stepwise translocation of unfolded polypeptides across the membrane. For the cotranslational integration of membrane proteins, the translocon interacts with ribosome-nascent chain complexes and membrane insertion is coupled to polypeptide chain elongation at the ribosome. These processes are assisted by the YidC and SecDF(yajC) complex that transiently interacts with the translocon. This review summarizes our current understanding of the structure-function relationship of the translocon and its interactions with ancillary components during protein translocation and membrane protein insertion. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Protein translocation across or insertion into membranes. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes|
|Publication status||Published - Mar-2011|
- SecA, SecYEG, YidC, Secretion, Membrane protein, SIGNAL-RECOGNITION PARTICLE, PROTEIN-CONDUCTING CHANNEL, COLI INNER MEMBRANE, PROTON MOTIVE FORCE, BACTERIAL CYTOPLASMIC MEMBRANE, POSITIVELY CHARGED RESIDUES, ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM MEMBRANE, LARGE CONFORMATIONAL-CHANGE, BACILLUS-SUBTILIS SECA, IN-VITRO TRANSLOCATION