The Roman rural exceptionality thesis revisitedPelgrom, J., 2018, In : Mélanges de l'École française de Rome - Antiquité. 130, 1
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
This paper critically examines the long-standing view that Roman rural organization differed fundamentally from that of the other polities of central-southern Italy, and that this difference somehow explains Roman imperial success. First, the intellectual history of this paradigm is examined, focusing especially on 19th century socio-evolutionary theory and on the role of landscape archaeology in the period following WWII. Then, recent archaeological studies on settlement dynamics and land division practices in ancient Italy are discussed. In light of these results, this paper proposes an alternative understanding of Roman-Italic rural development and land division practices and as such also questions the ancient topos which associates Roman imperial success with a specific form of peasant culture.
|Journal||Mélanges de l'École française de Rome - Antiquité|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|