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The role of neutrophils in the induction of glomerulonephritis by anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies

Xiao, H., Heeringa, P., Liu, Z., Huugen, D., Hu, PQ., Maeda, N., Falk, RJ. & Jennette, JC., Jul-2005, In : The American Journal of Pathology. 167, 1, p. 39-45 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • H Xiao
  • P Heeringa
  • Z Liu
  • D Huugen
  • PQ Hu
  • N Maeda
  • RJ Falk
  • JC Jennette

In humans, circulating anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies (ANCAs) with specificity for myeloperoxidase (MPO) are strongly associated with the development of pauci-immune necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis (NCGN). In mice, we have demonstrated that Intravenous injection of mouse antibodies specific for mouse MPO induces NCGN that closely mimics the human disease. We now report that the development of NCGN in this experimental model is accompanied by glomerular accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages. Neutrophil. infiltration was most conspicuous at sites of glomerular necrosis and crescent formation, with macrophages also most numerous in crescents. Lymphocytes, however, were sparse in acute lesions. Importantly, mice that were depleted of circulating neutrophils with NIMP-R14 rat monoclonal antibodies were completely protected from anti-MPO IgG-induced NCGN. These findings provide direct evidence that neutrophils play a major role in the pathogenesis of anti-MPO-induced NCGN in this animal model and implicate neutrophils in the induction of human ANCA disease. This raises the possibility that therapeutic strategies to reduce circulating neutrophils could be beneficial to patients with ANCA-induced NCGN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalThe American Journal of Pathology
Volume167
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2005

    Keywords

  • ANTINEUTROPHIL CYTOPLASMIC AUTOANTIBODIES, SYSTEMIC VASCULITIS, ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, CRESCENTIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS, WEGENERS-GRANULOMATOSIS, ACTIVATE NEUTROPHILS, MYELOPEROXIDASE, PROTEINASE-3, STIMULATE, ANTIGENS

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