The Role of Multinational Enterprises in the Transition Process of Central and Eastern European Economies

Marek, P., 28-May-2015, Groningen: University of Groningen, SOM research school. 170 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)Academic

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  • Philipp Marek
The collapse of the communist system has initiated the transformation of Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries from a social-planned towards a market economy. The institutional transition, structural change and privatization process evolved at a different extent across CEE countries. The former satellite states implemented a rapid transformation of the economic system and joined the European Union (EU), whereas the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) faced severe difficulties in adapting their system to the new environment. Due to the lack of capital and knowledge, foreign direct investment (FDI) has played a crucial role in the process of technological renewal and economic development.
This thesis consists of two research objectives; the location decision of multinational enterprises (MNE) in CEE regions and the impact of FDI in host economies. This thesis is based on firm level information and takes three theoretical frameworks on FDI into account: International Economics, Regional Economics and International Business. Taking the different transition paths of CEE countries into account, the findings suggest that the regional distribution of FDI differs across sectors and is affected by agglomeration economies and by the access to locally bounded inputs. Therefore, FDI amplifies the concentration of economic activities. The investigation of FDI spillovers provides evidence that FDI contributes to the competitiveness of domestic firms in CEE economies. Notwithstanding, the results show that local firms only benefit from FDI if foreign affiliates are sufficiently embedded in the host economy and global production networks.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Beugelsdijk, Sjoerd, Supervisor
  • Jindra, B., Co-supervisor, External person
  • Brakman, Steven, Assessment committee
  • Günther, J., Assessment committee, External person
  • Merlevede, B., Assessment committee, External person
Award date28-May-2015
Place of PublicationGroningen
Print ISBNs978-90-367-7834-3
Electronic ISBNs 978-90-367-7833-6
Publication statusPublished - 28-May-2015

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