The predictive ability of different customer feedback metrics for retention

de Haan, E., Verhoef, P. C. & Wiesel, T., Jun-2015, In : International Journal of Research in Marketing. 32, 2, p. 195-206 12 p.

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This study systematically compares different customer feedback metrics (CFMs) - namely customer satisfaction, the Net Promoter Score, and the Customer Effort Score - to test their ability to predict retention across a wide range of industries. We classify the CFMs according to a time focus (past, present, or future) and whether the full scale of the CFM is used or whether the focus is only on the extremes (e.g., top-2-box customer satisfaction). The data for this study represent customers of 93 firms across 18 industries. Multi-level probit regression models, which control for self-selection bias of respondents, investigate firm-, customer-, and industry-level effects simultaneously. Overall, we find that the top-2-box customer satisfaction performs best for predicting customer retention and that focusing on the extremes is preferable to using the full scale. However the best CFM does differ depending on industry and the unit of analysis (i.e., comparing customers or firms with one another). Furthermore, combining CFMs, along with simultaneously investigating multiple dimensions of the customer relationship, improves predictions even further. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-206
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2015


  • Customer feedback metrics, Customer satisfaction, Net Promoter Score, Customer Effort Score, Customer retention, Firm performance, FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, SHAREHOLDER VALUE, SATISFACTION, LOYALTY, MODELS, CONSUMER, SHARE, CHURN, MANAGEMENT, FRAMEWORK

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