The photon identification loophole in EPRB experiments: computer models with single-wing selection

De Raedt, H., Michielsen, K. & Hess, K., Jan-2017, In : Open physics. 15, 1, p. 713-733 21 p.

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Recent Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiments [M. Giustina et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 250401 (2015); L.K. Shalm et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 250402 (2015)] that claim to be loophole free are scrutinized. The combination of a digital computer and discrete-event simulation is used to construct a minimal but faithful model of the most perfected realization of these laboratory experiments. In contrast to prior simulations, all photon selections are strictly made, as they are in the actual experiments, at the local station and no other "post-selection" is involved. The simulation results demonstrate that a manifestly non-quantum model that identifies photons in the same local manner as in these experiments can produce correlations that are in excellent agreement with those of the quantum theoretical description of the corresponding thought experiment, in conflict with Bell's theorem which states that this is impossible. The failure of Bell's theorem is possible because of our recognition of the photon identification loophole. Such identification measurement-procedures are necessarily included in all actual experiments but are not included in the theory of Bell and his followers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-733
Number of pages21
JournalOpen physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2017


  • Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiments, Bell inequalities, discrete-event simulation, foundations of quantum mechanics, EINSTEIN-PODOLSKY-ROSEN, BY-EVENT SIMULATION, BELLS THEOREM, QUANTUM-MECHANICS, INEQUALITIES, LOCALITY, VIOLATION, REALISM, TIME, ENTANGLEMENT

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