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The periodontium of periodontitis patients contains citrullinated proteins which may play a role in ACPA (anti-citrullinated protein antibody) formation

Nesse, W., Westra, J., van der Wal, J. E., Abbas, F., Nicholas, A. P., Vissink, A., Brouwer, E. & Westra J., N. V., Jul-2012, In : Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 39, 7, p. 599-607 9 p.

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Aim To determine the presence and location (stroma versus epithelium) of citrullinated proteins in periodontitis tissue as compared to non-periodontitis tissue and synovial tissue of RA patients. Materials & Methods Periodontitis, healthy periodontal and RA-affected synovial tissue samples were collected in addition to buccal swabs. These samples were stained for the presence of citrullinated proteins using polyclonal (Ab5612) and monoclonal (F95) antibodies. Furthermore, Western blotting with F95 was performed on lysates prepared from periodontal and synovial tissues. Results In periodontitis stroma, increased citrullinated protein presence (80%) was observed compared with control stroma (33%), the latter was associated with inflammation of non-periodontitis origin. Periodontal epithelium always stained positive for Ab5612. Noteworthy, only periodontitis-affected epithelium stained positive for F95. All buccal mucosal swabs and 3 of 4 synovial tissue samples stained positive for both Ab5612 and F95. Western blotting with F95 showed presence of similar citrullinated proteins in both periodontitis and RA-affected synovial tissue. Conclusion Within the periodontal stroma, citrullination is an inflammation-depended process. In periodontal epithelium, citrullination is a physiological process. Additional citrullinated proteins are formed in periodontitis, apparently similar to those formed in RA-affected synovial tissue. Periodontitis induced citrullination may play a role in the aetiology of rheumatoid arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-607
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume39
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2012

    Keywords

  • ACPA, citrullinated proteins, periodontitis, rheumatoid arthritis, LONGSTANDING RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, DISEASE, SEVERITY, ASSOCIATION, ENOLASE, ALPHA, GINGIVALIS, INFECTION, HEALTHY, BIOLOGY

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