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The Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase p38 alpha Regulates Tubular Damage in Murine Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Nephritis

Mueller, R., Daniel, C., Hugo, C., Amann, K., Mielenz, D., Endlich, K., Braun, T., van der Veen, B., Heeringa, P., Schett, G. & Zwerina, J., 18-Feb-2013, In : PLoS ONE. 8, 2, 11 p., e56316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Ralf Mueller
  • Christoph Daniel
  • Christian Hugo
  • Kerstin Amann
  • Dirk Mielenz
  • Karlhans Endlich
  • Tobias Braun
  • Betty van der Veen
  • Peter Heeringa
  • Georg Schett
  • Jochen Zwerina

p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is thought to play a central role in acute and chronic inflammatory responses. Whether p38MAPK plays a pathogenic role in crescentic GN (GN) and which of its four isoforms is preferentially involved in kidney inflammation is not definitely known. We thus examined expression and activation of p38MAPK isoforms during antiglomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis. Therefore, p38 alpha conditional knockout mice (MxCre-p38 alpha(Delta/Delta)) were used to examine the role of p38 alpha in anti-GBM induced nephritis. Both wild type and MxCre-p38 alpha(Delta/Delta) mice developed acute renal failure over time. Histological examinations revealed a reduced monocyte influx and less tubular damage in MxCre-p38 alpha(Delta/Delta) mice, whereas glomerular crescent formation and renal fibrosis was similar. Likewise, the levels of pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF, IL-1 and IL-10 were similar, but IL-8 was even up-regulated in MxCre-p38 alpha(Delta/Delta) mice. In contrast, we could detect strong down-regulation of chemotactic cytokines such as CCL-2, -5 and -7, in the kidneys of MxCre-p38 alpha(Delta/Delta) mice. In conclusion, p38 alpha is the primary p38MAPK isoform expressed in anti-GBM nephritis and selectively affects inflammatory cell influx and tubular damage. Full protection from nephritis is however not achieved as renal failure and structural damage still occurs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere56316
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 18-Feb-2013

    Keywords

  • P38 MAP KINASE, CRESCENTIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS, SELECTIVE INHIBITOR, RENAL INJURY, CELLS, DIFFERENTIATION, ANGIOGENESIS, LOCALIZATION, CYTOSKELETON, INFLAMMATION

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