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The Link Between Employees’ Sense of Vitality and Proactivity: Investigating the Moderating Role of Personal Fear of Invalidity

Wörtler, B., Van Yperen, N. W., M. Mascareno, J. & Barelds, D. P. H., 8-Sep-2020, In : Frontiers in Psychology. 11, 15 p., 2169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Proactive behavior has emerged as a key component in contemporary views of individual work performance. Hence, a central question in the literature is how to enhance employees’ proactive behavior. We investigated whether the more that employees experience a sense of vitality (i.e., energizing positive affect), the more likely they are to show proactive behavior at work, and whether this applies only to employees with a low personal fear of invalidity [(PFI) i.e., the inclination to be apprehensive about the risks/negative consequences of making errors]. Experimental (N = 354) and cross-sectional field (N = 85) studies provided consistent evidence for a positive relation between employees’ sense of vitality at work and their self-rated proactivity. The predicted moderation effect was observed only for manager-rated proactivity. We conclude that feeling energized in the workplace is not necessarily associated with observable proactive behavior. It is only when employees experiencing a sense of vitality at work are not prone to fearing the risks/negative consequences of making errors that they are more likely to show observable proactive behavior in an organization.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2169
Number of pages15
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume11
Publication statusPublished - 8-Sep-2020

    Keywords

  • proactive work behavior, work performance, anxiety, affect, well-being, mental energy, experimental study

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