Publication

The In Vitro Response of Tissue Stem Cells to Irradiation With Different Linear Energy Transfers

Nagle, P. W., Hosper, N. A., Ploeg, E. M., van Goethem, M-J., Brandenburg, S., Langendijk, J. A., Chiu, R. K. & Coppes, R. P., 1-May-2016, In : International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics. 95, 1, p. 103-111 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

PURPOSE: A reduction in the dose, irradiated volume, and sensitivity of, in particular, normal tissue stem cells is needed to advance radiation therapy. This could be obtained with the use of particles for radiation therapy. However, the radiation response of normal tissue stem cells is still an enigma. Therefore, in the present study, we developed a model to investigate the in vitro response of stem cells to particle irradiation.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used the immortalized human salivary gland (HSG) cell line resembling salivary gland (SG) cells to translate the radiation response in 2-dimensional (2D) to 3-dimensional (3D) conditions. This response was subsequently translated to the response of SG stem cells (SGSCs). Dispersed single cells were irradiated with photons or carbon ions at different linear energy transfers (LETs; 48.76 ± 2.16, 149.9 ± 10.8, and 189 ± 15 keV/μm). Subsequently, 2D or 3D clonogenicity was determined by counting the colonies or secondary stem cell-derived spheres in Matrigel. γH2AX immunostaining was used to assess DNA double strand break repair.

RESULTS: The 2D response of HSG cells showed a similar increase in dose response to increasing higher LET irradiation as other cell lines. The 3D response of HSG cells to increasing LET irradiation was reduced compared with the 2D response. Finally, the response of mouse SGSCs to photons was similar to the 3D response of HSG cells. The response to higher LET irradiation was reduced in the stem cells.

CONCLUSIONS: Mouse SGSC radiosensitivity seems reduced at higher LET radiation compared with transformed HSG cells. The developed model to assess the radiation response of SGSCs offers novel possibilities to study the radiation response of normal tissue in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-111
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume95
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2016

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