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The Influence of Parental and Offspring Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms on Family Climate

van Steijn, D. J., Oerlemans, A. M., van Aken, M. A. G., Buitelaar, J. K. & Rommelse, N. N. J., Jul-2015, In : Journal of Child and Family Studies. 24, 7, p. 2021-2030 10 p.

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  • The Influence of Parental and Offspring Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms on Family Climate

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DOI

  • Daphne J. van Steijn
  • Anoek M. Oerlemans
  • Marcel A. G. van Aken
  • Jan K. Buitelaar
  • Nanda N. J. Rommelse

There is a lack of knowledge of the influence of parental and offspring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the quality of family climate. The number of affected children may play an important moderating role. 103 Families were recruited with at least one child with an ASD(+ADHD) diagnosis, one or more biological affected or unaffected siblings, and two participating biological parents. Parents and children were carefully screened for the presence of ASD and ADHD symptoms. Family climate (relationship and structure) was measured with the Dutch Family Environment Scale (FES). No overall differences were found between ASD, ASD + ADHD families and a norm group for family relationship and family structure. However, families with one affected child reported higher family relationship scores than the norm, whereas fathers and mothers of families with two or three affected children reported similar scores as the norm. Regarding the family structure index, fathers and mothers of families with one, two or three affected children reported similar scores as the norm data of the FES. As reported by both fathers and mothers, paternal and maternal ASD symptoms and paternal ADHD symptoms had a negative effect on family relationships, whereas predominately maternal ADHD had a negative impact on family structure. However, families with two or more affected children and families in which parents have increased ASD/ADHD symptoms may have more difficulties in maintaining a positive family climate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2021-2030
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume24
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2015
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder, Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Family climate, Parental symptoms, Multiple affected children, DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, GENERAL-POPULATION, CHILD INTERACTIONS, MENTAL-HEALTH, QUOTIENT AQ, MOTHERS, BEHAVIORS, TRAITS, IMPACT, ADULTS

ID: 54729925