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The impact of microlensing on the standardization of strongly lensed Type Ia supernovae

Foxley-Marrable, M., Collett, T. E., Vernardos, G., Goldstein, D. A. & Bacon, D., Aug-2018, In : Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 478, 4, p. 5081-5090 10 p.

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We investigate the effect of microlensing on the standardization of strongly lensed Type Ia supernovae (GLSNe Ia). We present predictions for the amount of scatter induced by microlensing across a range of plausible strong lens macromodels. We find that lensed images in regions of low convergence, shear and stellar density are standardizable, where the microlensing scatter is less than or similar to 0.15 mag, comparable to the intrinsic dispersion of a typical SN Ia. These standardizable configurations correspond to asymmetric lenses with an image located far outside the Einstein radius of the lens. Symmetric and small Einstein radius lenses (less than or similar to 0.5 arcsec) are not standardizable. We apply our model to the recently discovered GLSN Ia iPTF16geu and find that the large discrepancy between the observed flux and the macromodel predictions from More et al. cannot be explained by microlensing alone. Using the mock GLSNe Ia catalogue of Goldstein et al., we predict that similar to 22 per cent of GLSNe Ia discovered by Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will be standardizable, with a median Einstein radius of 0.9 arcsec and a median time delay of 41 d. By breaking the mass-sheet degeneracy the full LSST GLSNe Ia sample will be able to detect systematics in H-0 at the 0.5 per cent level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5081-5090
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume478
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2018

    Keywords

  • gravitational lensing: strong, gravitational lensing: micro, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: iPTF16geu, cosmological parameters, cosmology: observations, TIME DELAYS, HUBBLE CONSTANT, COSMOGRAIL, PROFILES, GALAXIES, IMAGES, MODEL

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