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The impact of dry torrefaction on the fast pyrolysis behavior of ash wood and commercial Dutch mixed wood in a pyroprobe

Tsalidis, G. A., Tsekos, C., Anastasakis, K. & de Jong, W., Aug-2018, In : Fuel processing technology. 177, p. 255-265 11 p.

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  • The impact of dry torrefaction

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DOI

  • Georgios Archimidis Tsalidis
  • Christos Tsekos
  • Konstantinos Anastasakis
  • Wiebren de Jong

In this study torrefied feedstocks, consisting of mixed wood and wood residues torrefied at 300 degrees C and ash wood torrefied at 250 and 265 degrees C, were pyrolyzed in a pyroprobe at five pyrolysis temperatures (600-1000 degrees C) and a fast heating rate (600 degrees C.s(-1)) to investigate the effect of torrefaction on the formation of volatiles and their evolution in a 100 kW circulating fluidized bed gasifier. Results showed that torrefaction converted mostly the hemicellulose content of feedstocks. Furthermore, torrefaction resulted in decreasing the bio-oil and gas yields, increasing the char and phenol yields and not affecting the polyaromatic hydrocarbons yield. Phenol and naphthalene showed the largest yield at 600-700 degrees C and 800-1000 degrees C, respectively. At such high temperatures, the rest polyaromatic hydrocarbons showed yields similar to phenol's. At 900 degrees C torrefaction affected mainly the phenolic species, with 4-propyl-phenol being the dominant species of its group for mixed wood and wood residues feedstock. In the gasifier, H-2 and CO2 yields increased, CH4 yield remained constant, and CO yield depended on tar conversion and oxidation and steam reactions. The phenol and naphthalene yields further decreased and increased, respectively, whereas, polyaromatic hydrocarbons did not change in the gasifier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalFuel processing technology
Volume177
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2018

    Keywords

  • TAR FORMATION, TORREFIED BIOMASS, CFB GASIFICATION, CELLULOSE, HEMICELLULOSE, LIGNIN, PERFORMANCE, SOFTWOOD, HARDWOOD, STRAW

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