Publication

The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package: a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO

Filges, A., Gerbig, C., Chen, H., Franke, H., Klaus, C. & Jordan, A., 2015, In : Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 67, 19 p., 27989.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Filges, A., Gerbig, C., Chen, H., Franke, H., Klaus, C., & Jordan, A. (2015). The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package: a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO. Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 67, [27989]. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v67.27989

Author

Filges, Annette ; Gerbig, Christoph ; Chen, Huilin ; Franke, Harald ; Klaus, Christoph ; Jordan, Armin. / The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package : a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO. In: Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 2015 ; Vol. 67.

Harvard

Filges, A, Gerbig, C, Chen, H, Franke, H, Klaus, C & Jordan, A 2015, 'The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package: a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO', Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, vol. 67, 27989. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v67.27989

Standard

The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package : a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO. / Filges, Annette; Gerbig, Christoph; Chen, Huilin; Franke, Harald; Klaus, Christoph; Jordan, Armin.

In: Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 67, 27989, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Filges A, Gerbig C, Chen H, Franke H, Klaus C, Jordan A. The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package: a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO. Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 2015;67. 27989. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v67.27989


BibTeX

@article{841ec51bbab64250acd87d7b10fd206d,
title = "The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package: a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO",
abstract = "Within the framework of IAGOS-ERI (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System - European Research Infrastructure), a cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS)-based measurement system for the autonomous measurement of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) CO2 and CH4, as well as CO and water vapour was designed, tested and qualified for deployment on commercial airliners. The design meets requirements regarding physical dimensions (size, weight), performance (long-term stability, low maintenance, robustness, full automation) and safety issues (fire-prevention regulations). The system uses components of a commercially available CRDS instrument (G2401-m, Picarro Inc.) mounted into a frame suitable for integration in the avionics bay of the Airbus A330 and A340 series. To enable robust and automated operation of the IAGOS-core GHG package over 6-month deployment periods, numerous technical issues had to be addressed. An inlet system was designed to eliminate sampling of larger aerosols, ice particles and water droplets, and to provide additional positive rampressure to ensure operation throughout an aircraft altitude operating range up to 12.5km without an upstream sampling pump. Furthermore, no sample drying is required as the simultaneously measured water vapour mole fraction is used to correct for dilution and spectroscopic effects. This also enables measurements of water vapour throughout the atmosphere. To allow for trace gas measurements to be fully traceable to World Meteorological Organization scales, a two-standard calibration system has been designed and tested, which periodically provides calibration gas to the instrument during flight and on ground for each 6-month deployment period. The first of the IAGOS-core GHG packages is scheduled for integration in 2015. The aim is to have five systems operational within 4 yr, providing regular, long-term GHG observations covering major parts of the globe. This paper presents results from recent test flights and laboratory tests that document the performance for CO2, CH4, CO and water vapour measurements.",
keywords = "greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon cycle, cavity ring-down spectroscopy, IAGOS, commercial aircraft, instrumentation, SPECTROSCOPY CRDS TECHNIQUE, IN-SERVICE AIRCRAFT, CARBON-DIOXIDE, COMMERCIAL AIRLINES, ATMOSPHERIC CO2, WATER-VAPOR, HUMID AIR, CALIBRATION, ANALYZER, METHANE",
author = "Annette Filges and Christoph Gerbig and Huilin Chen and Harald Franke and Christoph Klaus and Armin Jordan",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3402/tellusb.v67.27989",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
journal = "Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology",
issn = "0280-6509",
publisher = "CO-ACTION PUBLISHING",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The IAGOS-core greenhouse gas package

T2 - a measurement system for continuous airborne observations of CO2, CH4, H2O and CO

AU - Filges, Annette

AU - Gerbig, Christoph

AU - Chen, Huilin

AU - Franke, Harald

AU - Klaus, Christoph

AU - Jordan, Armin

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Within the framework of IAGOS-ERI (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System - European Research Infrastructure), a cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS)-based measurement system for the autonomous measurement of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) CO2 and CH4, as well as CO and water vapour was designed, tested and qualified for deployment on commercial airliners. The design meets requirements regarding physical dimensions (size, weight), performance (long-term stability, low maintenance, robustness, full automation) and safety issues (fire-prevention regulations). The system uses components of a commercially available CRDS instrument (G2401-m, Picarro Inc.) mounted into a frame suitable for integration in the avionics bay of the Airbus A330 and A340 series. To enable robust and automated operation of the IAGOS-core GHG package over 6-month deployment periods, numerous technical issues had to be addressed. An inlet system was designed to eliminate sampling of larger aerosols, ice particles and water droplets, and to provide additional positive rampressure to ensure operation throughout an aircraft altitude operating range up to 12.5km without an upstream sampling pump. Furthermore, no sample drying is required as the simultaneously measured water vapour mole fraction is used to correct for dilution and spectroscopic effects. This also enables measurements of water vapour throughout the atmosphere. To allow for trace gas measurements to be fully traceable to World Meteorological Organization scales, a two-standard calibration system has been designed and tested, which periodically provides calibration gas to the instrument during flight and on ground for each 6-month deployment period. The first of the IAGOS-core GHG packages is scheduled for integration in 2015. The aim is to have five systems operational within 4 yr, providing regular, long-term GHG observations covering major parts of the globe. This paper presents results from recent test flights and laboratory tests that document the performance for CO2, CH4, CO and water vapour measurements.

AB - Within the framework of IAGOS-ERI (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System - European Research Infrastructure), a cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS)-based measurement system for the autonomous measurement of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) CO2 and CH4, as well as CO and water vapour was designed, tested and qualified for deployment on commercial airliners. The design meets requirements regarding physical dimensions (size, weight), performance (long-term stability, low maintenance, robustness, full automation) and safety issues (fire-prevention regulations). The system uses components of a commercially available CRDS instrument (G2401-m, Picarro Inc.) mounted into a frame suitable for integration in the avionics bay of the Airbus A330 and A340 series. To enable robust and automated operation of the IAGOS-core GHG package over 6-month deployment periods, numerous technical issues had to be addressed. An inlet system was designed to eliminate sampling of larger aerosols, ice particles and water droplets, and to provide additional positive rampressure to ensure operation throughout an aircraft altitude operating range up to 12.5km without an upstream sampling pump. Furthermore, no sample drying is required as the simultaneously measured water vapour mole fraction is used to correct for dilution and spectroscopic effects. This also enables measurements of water vapour throughout the atmosphere. To allow for trace gas measurements to be fully traceable to World Meteorological Organization scales, a two-standard calibration system has been designed and tested, which periodically provides calibration gas to the instrument during flight and on ground for each 6-month deployment period. The first of the IAGOS-core GHG packages is scheduled for integration in 2015. The aim is to have five systems operational within 4 yr, providing regular, long-term GHG observations covering major parts of the globe. This paper presents results from recent test flights and laboratory tests that document the performance for CO2, CH4, CO and water vapour measurements.

KW - greenhouse gases

KW - carbon dioxide (CO2)

KW - methane (CH4)

KW - carbon monoxide (CO)

KW - carbon cycle

KW - cavity ring-down spectroscopy

KW - IAGOS

KW - commercial aircraft

KW - instrumentation

KW - SPECTROSCOPY CRDS TECHNIQUE

KW - IN-SERVICE AIRCRAFT

KW - CARBON-DIOXIDE

KW - COMMERCIAL AIRLINES

KW - ATMOSPHERIC CO2

KW - WATER-VAPOR

KW - HUMID AIR

KW - CALIBRATION

KW - ANALYZER

KW - METHANE

U2 - 10.3402/tellusb.v67.27989

DO - 10.3402/tellusb.v67.27989

M3 - Article

VL - 67

JO - Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology

JF - Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology

SN - 0280-6509

M1 - 27989

ER -

ID: 30788445