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The HtrA-Like Protease CD3284 Modulates Virulence of Clostridium difficile

Bakker, D., Buckley, A. M., de Jong, A., van Winden, V. J. C., Verhoeks, J. P. A., Kuipers, O. P., Douce, G. R., Kuijper, E. J., Smits, W. K. & Corver, J., Oct-2014, In : Infection and Immunity. 82, 10, p. 4222-4232 11 p.

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  • The HtrA-Like Protease CD3284 Modulates Virulence of Clostridium difficile

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DOI

  • Dennis Bakker
  • Anthony M. Buckley
  • Anne de Jong
  • Vincent J. C. van Winden
  • Joost P. A. Verhoeks
  • Oscar P. Kuipers
  • Gillian R. Douce
  • Ed J. Kuijper
  • Wiep Klaas Smits
  • Jeroen Corver

In the past decade, Clostridium difficile has emerged as an important gut pathogen. Symptoms of C. difficile infection range from mild diarrhea to pseudomembranous colitis. Besides the two main virulence factors toxin A and toxin B, other virulence factors are likely to play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease. In other Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria, conserved high-temperature requirement A (HtrA)-like proteases have been shown to have a role in protein homeostasis and quality control. This affects the functionality of virulence factors and the resistance of bacteria to (host-induced) environmental stresses. We found that the C. difficile 630 genome encodes a single HtrA-like protease (CD3284; HtrA) and have analyzed its role in vivo and in vitro through the creation of an isogenic ClosTron-based htrA mutant of C. difficile strain 630 Delta erm (wild type). In contrast to the attenuated phenotype seen with htrA deletion in other pathogens, this mutant showed enhanced virulence in the Golden Syrian hamster model of acute C. difficile infection. Microarray data analysis showed a pleiotropic effect of htrA on the transcriptome of C. difficile, including upregulation of the toxin A gene. In addition, the htrA mutant showed reduced spore formation and adherence to colonic cells. Together, our data show that htrA can modulate virulence in C. difficile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4222-4232
Number of pages11
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume82
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2014

    Keywords

  • EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX PROTEINS, QUALITY-CONTROL, SIGMA-FACTOR, TOXIN-B, INTRAMEMBRANE PROTEOLYSIS, ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES, NOSOCOMIAL DIARRHEA, BACILLUS-SUBTILIS, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, FAMILY PROTEINS

ID: 16190258