Publication

The functional theory of counterfactual thinking

Epstude, K. & Roese, N. J., May-2008, In : Personality and Social Psychology review. 12, 2, p. 168-192 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2008). The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology review, 12(2), 168-192. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868308316091

Author

Epstude, Kai ; Roese, Neal J. / The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. In: Personality and Social Psychology review. 2008 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 168-192.

Harvard

Epstude, K & Roese, NJ 2008, 'The functional theory of counterfactual thinking', Personality and Social Psychology review, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 168-192. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868308316091

Standard

The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. / Epstude, Kai; Roese, Neal J.

In: Personality and Social Psychology review, Vol. 12, No. 2, 05.2008, p. 168-192.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Epstude K, Roese NJ. The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology review. 2008 May;12(2):168-192. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868308316091


BibTeX

@article{17134e78cd3745709cdf4bbd92d1b9eb,
title = "The functional theory of counterfactual thinking",
abstract = "Counterfactuals are thoughts about alternatives to past events, that is, thoughts of what might have been. This article provides an updated account of the functional theory of counterfactual thinking, suggesting that such thoughts are best explained in terms of their role in behavior regulation and performance improvement. The article reviews a wide range of cognitive experiments indicating that counterfactual thoughts may influence behavior by either of two routes: a content-specific pathway (which involves specific informational effects on behavioral intentions, which then influence behavior) and a content-neutral pathway (which involves indirect effects via affect, mind-sets, or motivation). The functional theory is particularly useful in organizing recent findings regarding counterfactual thinking and mental health. The article concludes by considering the connections to other theoretical conceptions, especially recent advances in goal cognition.",
keywords = "counterfactual thinking, regret, goals, rumination, mental simulation, inference, decision making, conditional, volition, motivation, IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS, MENTAL SIMULATION, REGULATORY FOCUS, DECISION-MAKING, ORBITOFRONTAL CORTEX, SELF-ESTEEM, DEFENSIVE PESSIMISM, CAUSAL ATTRIBUTION, REPETITIVE THOUGHT, SOCIAL-PERCEPTION",
author = "Kai Epstude and Roese, {Neal J.}",
year = "2008",
month = may,
doi = "10.1177/1088868308316091",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "168--192",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology review",
issn = "1088-8683",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The functional theory of counterfactual thinking

AU - Epstude, Kai

AU - Roese, Neal J.

PY - 2008/5

Y1 - 2008/5

N2 - Counterfactuals are thoughts about alternatives to past events, that is, thoughts of what might have been. This article provides an updated account of the functional theory of counterfactual thinking, suggesting that such thoughts are best explained in terms of their role in behavior regulation and performance improvement. The article reviews a wide range of cognitive experiments indicating that counterfactual thoughts may influence behavior by either of two routes: a content-specific pathway (which involves specific informational effects on behavioral intentions, which then influence behavior) and a content-neutral pathway (which involves indirect effects via affect, mind-sets, or motivation). The functional theory is particularly useful in organizing recent findings regarding counterfactual thinking and mental health. The article concludes by considering the connections to other theoretical conceptions, especially recent advances in goal cognition.

AB - Counterfactuals are thoughts about alternatives to past events, that is, thoughts of what might have been. This article provides an updated account of the functional theory of counterfactual thinking, suggesting that such thoughts are best explained in terms of their role in behavior regulation and performance improvement. The article reviews a wide range of cognitive experiments indicating that counterfactual thoughts may influence behavior by either of two routes: a content-specific pathway (which involves specific informational effects on behavioral intentions, which then influence behavior) and a content-neutral pathway (which involves indirect effects via affect, mind-sets, or motivation). The functional theory is particularly useful in organizing recent findings regarding counterfactual thinking and mental health. The article concludes by considering the connections to other theoretical conceptions, especially recent advances in goal cognition.

KW - counterfactual thinking

KW - regret

KW - goals

KW - rumination

KW - mental simulation

KW - inference

KW - decision making

KW - conditional

KW - volition

KW - motivation

KW - IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS

KW - MENTAL SIMULATION

KW - REGULATORY FOCUS

KW - DECISION-MAKING

KW - ORBITOFRONTAL CORTEX

KW - SELF-ESTEEM

KW - DEFENSIVE PESSIMISM

KW - CAUSAL ATTRIBUTION

KW - REPETITIVE THOUGHT

KW - SOCIAL-PERCEPTION

U2 - 10.1177/1088868308316091

DO - 10.1177/1088868308316091

M3 - Review article

VL - 12

SP - 168

EP - 192

JO - Personality and Social Psychology review

JF - Personality and Social Psychology review

SN - 1088-8683

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 13216199