Publication

The Factor Structure of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (Expanded Version) in a Sample of Forensic Psychiatric Patients

van Beek, J., Vuijk, P. J., Harte, J. M., Smit, B. L., Nijman, H. & Scherder, E. J. A., Jun-2015, In : International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 59, 7, p. 743-756 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Severe behavioral problems, aggression, unlawful behavior, and uncooperativeness make the forensic psychiatric population both hard to treat and study. To fine-tune treatment and evaluate results, valid measurement is vital. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Extended (BPRS-E) is a widely used scale for assessing psychiatric symptoms, with a stable factor structure over various patient groups. For the first time, its usefulness for forensic psychiatric patients was studied by means of an exploratory factor analysis on 302 patients in a penitentiary psychiatric center. A five-factor solution fitted the data best and showed large overlap with previous research done in both in- and outpatient populations with schizophrenia and mixed diagnoses. Around 45% of the patients did not fully comply. Items relying most on self-report caused the most non-adherence, possibly because of difficulty with verbalizing distress. These items loaded on the factors psychosis and affect. The BPRS-E is a suitable instrument for forensic use. Future research and clinical practice should focus on alignment with forensic patients to improve measurement, understanding, and eventually therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-756
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume59
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2015
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • BPRS-E, factor analysis, forensic psychiatry, CRIMINAL-JUSTICE SYSTEM, SYMPTOM STRUCTURE, SCHIZOPHRENIA, VIOLENCE, METAANALYSIS, DISORDERS, OFFENDERS, VALIDITY, INSIGHT

ID: 25703690