Publication

The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition

van den Bosch, K. A. M., Welch, D. & Andringa, T. C., 9-Jul-2018, In : Frontiers in Psychology. 9, 11 p., 1129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

van den Bosch, K. A. M., Welch, D., & Andringa, T. C. (2018). The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, [1129]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01129

Author

van den Bosch, Kirsten A. M. ; Welch, David ; Andringa, Tjeerd C. / The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 9.

Harvard

van den Bosch, KAM, Welch, D & Andringa, TC 2018, 'The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition' Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9, 1129. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01129

Standard

The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition. / van den Bosch, Kirsten A. M.; Welch, David; Andringa, Tjeerd C.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 9, 1129, 09.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

van den Bosch KAM, Welch D, Andringa TC. The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology. 2018 Jul 9;9. 1129. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01129


BibTeX

@article{6c9a620427494fcb964af81b9aed9b44,
title = "The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition",
abstract = "We propose a framework based on evolutionary principles and the theory of enactive cognition (“being by doing”), that addresses the foundation of key results and central questions of soundscape research. We hypothesize that the two main descriptors (measures of how people perceive the acoustic environment) of soundscape appraisal (‘pleasantness’ and ‘eventfulness’), reflect evolutionarily old motivational and affective systems that promote survival through preferences for certain environments and avoidance of others. Survival is aimed at ending or avoiding existential threats and protecting viability in a deficient environment. On the other hand, flourishing occurs whenever survival is not an immediate concern and aims to improve the agent’s viability and by co-creating ever better conditions for existence. As such, survival is experienced as unpleasant, and deals with immediate problems to be ended or avoided, while flourishing is enjoyable, and therefore to be aimed for and maintained. Therefore, the simplest, safety-relevant meaning attributable to soundscapes (audible safety) should be key to understanding soundscape appraisal. To strengthen this, we show that the auditory nervous system is intimately connected to the parts of our brains associated with arousal and emotions. Furthermore, our theory demonstrates that ‘complexity’ and ‘affordance content’ of the perceived environment are important underlying soundscape indicators (measures used to predict the value of a soundscape descriptor). Consideration of these indicators allows the same soundscape to be viewed from a second perspective; one driven more by meaning attribution characteristics than merely emotional appraisal. The synthesis of both perspectives of the same person–environment interaction thus consolidates the affective, informational, and even the activity related perspectives on soundscape appraisal. Furthermore, we hypothesize that our current habitats are not well matched to our, evolutionarily old, auditory warning systems, and that we consequently have difficulty establishing audible safety. This leads to more negative and aroused moods and emotions, with stress-related symptoms as a result.",
keywords = "soundscape, Enactive Cognition, Evolutionairy Psychology, Soundscapes Descriptors, Soundscapes Indicators, audible safety, Tranquility, INFERIOR COLLICULUS, EMOTIONAL RESPONSES, POSITIVE EMOTIONS, URBAN SOUNDSCAPES, CONSTRUCTION, ATTENTION, FRAMEWORK, BEHAVIOR, BROADEN, SLEEP",
author = "{van den Bosch}, {Kirsten A. M.} and David Welch and Andringa, {Tjeerd C.}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "9",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01129",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media SA",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Evolution of Soundscape Appraisal Through Enactive Cognition

AU - van den Bosch, Kirsten A. M.

AU - Welch, David

AU - Andringa, Tjeerd C.

PY - 2018/7/9

Y1 - 2018/7/9

N2 - We propose a framework based on evolutionary principles and the theory of enactive cognition (“being by doing”), that addresses the foundation of key results and central questions of soundscape research. We hypothesize that the two main descriptors (measures of how people perceive the acoustic environment) of soundscape appraisal (‘pleasantness’ and ‘eventfulness’), reflect evolutionarily old motivational and affective systems that promote survival through preferences for certain environments and avoidance of others. Survival is aimed at ending or avoiding existential threats and protecting viability in a deficient environment. On the other hand, flourishing occurs whenever survival is not an immediate concern and aims to improve the agent’s viability and by co-creating ever better conditions for existence. As such, survival is experienced as unpleasant, and deals with immediate problems to be ended or avoided, while flourishing is enjoyable, and therefore to be aimed for and maintained. Therefore, the simplest, safety-relevant meaning attributable to soundscapes (audible safety) should be key to understanding soundscape appraisal. To strengthen this, we show that the auditory nervous system is intimately connected to the parts of our brains associated with arousal and emotions. Furthermore, our theory demonstrates that ‘complexity’ and ‘affordance content’ of the perceived environment are important underlying soundscape indicators (measures used to predict the value of a soundscape descriptor). Consideration of these indicators allows the same soundscape to be viewed from a second perspective; one driven more by meaning attribution characteristics than merely emotional appraisal. The synthesis of both perspectives of the same person–environment interaction thus consolidates the affective, informational, and even the activity related perspectives on soundscape appraisal. Furthermore, we hypothesize that our current habitats are not well matched to our, evolutionarily old, auditory warning systems, and that we consequently have difficulty establishing audible safety. This leads to more negative and aroused moods and emotions, with stress-related symptoms as a result.

AB - We propose a framework based on evolutionary principles and the theory of enactive cognition (“being by doing”), that addresses the foundation of key results and central questions of soundscape research. We hypothesize that the two main descriptors (measures of how people perceive the acoustic environment) of soundscape appraisal (‘pleasantness’ and ‘eventfulness’), reflect evolutionarily old motivational and affective systems that promote survival through preferences for certain environments and avoidance of others. Survival is aimed at ending or avoiding existential threats and protecting viability in a deficient environment. On the other hand, flourishing occurs whenever survival is not an immediate concern and aims to improve the agent’s viability and by co-creating ever better conditions for existence. As such, survival is experienced as unpleasant, and deals with immediate problems to be ended or avoided, while flourishing is enjoyable, and therefore to be aimed for and maintained. Therefore, the simplest, safety-relevant meaning attributable to soundscapes (audible safety) should be key to understanding soundscape appraisal. To strengthen this, we show that the auditory nervous system is intimately connected to the parts of our brains associated with arousal and emotions. Furthermore, our theory demonstrates that ‘complexity’ and ‘affordance content’ of the perceived environment are important underlying soundscape indicators (measures used to predict the value of a soundscape descriptor). Consideration of these indicators allows the same soundscape to be viewed from a second perspective; one driven more by meaning attribution characteristics than merely emotional appraisal. The synthesis of both perspectives of the same person–environment interaction thus consolidates the affective, informational, and even the activity related perspectives on soundscape appraisal. Furthermore, we hypothesize that our current habitats are not well matched to our, evolutionarily old, auditory warning systems, and that we consequently have difficulty establishing audible safety. This leads to more negative and aroused moods and emotions, with stress-related symptoms as a result.

KW - soundscape

KW - Enactive Cognition

KW - Evolutionairy Psychology

KW - Soundscapes Descriptors

KW - Soundscapes Indicators

KW - audible safety

KW - Tranquility

KW - INFERIOR COLLICULUS

KW - EMOTIONAL RESPONSES

KW - POSITIVE EMOTIONS

KW - URBAN SOUNDSCAPES

KW - CONSTRUCTION

KW - ATTENTION

KW - FRAMEWORK

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - BROADEN

KW - SLEEP

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01129

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01129

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 1129

ER -

ID: 75858889