Publication

The evolution of age-dependent plasticity

Fischer, B., van Doorn, G. S., Dieckmann, U. & Taborsky, B., 1-Jan-2014, In : American Naturalist. 183, 1, p. 108-125 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Fischer, B., van Doorn, G. S., Dieckmann, U., & Taborsky, B. (2014). The evolution of age-dependent plasticity. American Naturalist, 183(1), 108-125. https://doi.org/10.1086/674008

Author

Fischer, Barbara ; van Doorn, G. Sander ; Dieckmann, Ulf ; Taborsky, Barbara. / The evolution of age-dependent plasticity. In: American Naturalist. 2014 ; Vol. 183, No. 1. pp. 108-125.

Harvard

Fischer, B, van Doorn, GS, Dieckmann, U & Taborsky, B 2014, 'The evolution of age-dependent plasticity' American Naturalist, vol. 183, no. 1, pp. 108-125. https://doi.org/10.1086/674008

Standard

The evolution of age-dependent plasticity. / Fischer, Barbara; van Doorn, G. Sander; Dieckmann, Ulf; Taborsky, Barbara.

In: American Naturalist, Vol. 183, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 108-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Fischer B, van Doorn GS, Dieckmann U, Taborsky B. The evolution of age-dependent plasticity. American Naturalist. 2014 Jan 1;183(1):108-125. https://doi.org/10.1086/674008


BibTeX

@article{3c70837bb0534e7a98827a1802710912,
title = "The evolution of age-dependent plasticity",
abstract = "When organisms encounter environments that are heterogeneous in time, phenotypic plasticity is often favored by selection. The degree of such plasticity can vary during an organism''s lifetime, but the factors promoting differential plastic responses at different ages or life stages remain poorly understood. Here we develop and analyze an evolutionary model to investigate how environmental information is optimally collected and translated into phenotypic adjustments at different ages. We demonstrate that plasticity must often be expected to vary with age in a nonmonotonic fashion. Early in life, it is generally optimal to delay phenotypic adjustments until sufficient information has been collected about the state of the environment to warrant a costly phenotypic adjustment. Toward the end of life, phenotypic adjustments are disfavored as well because their beneficial effects can no longer be fully reaped before death. Our analysis clarifies how patterns of age-dependent plasticity are shaped by the interplay of environmental uncertainty, the accuracy of perceived information, and the costs of phenotypic adjustments with life-history determinants such as the relative strengths of fecundity and viability selection experienced by the organism over its lifetime. We conclude by comparing our results with expectations for alternative mechanisms, including developmental constraints, that promote age-dependent plasticity.",
keywords = "developmental plasticity, plasticity windows, reaction norms, eco-evo-devo, information sampling, dynamic optimization, PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY, QUANTITATIVE GENETICS, REACTION NORMS, COSTS, ENVIRONMENTS, RESPONSES, INFORMATION, PREDATION, JUVENILE, BEHAVIOR",
author = "Barbara Fischer and {van Doorn}, {G. Sander} and Ulf Dieckmann and Barbara Taborsky",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1086/674008",
language = "English",
volume = "183",
pages = "108--125",
journal = "The American Naturalist",
issn = "0003-0147",
publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The evolution of age-dependent plasticity

AU - Fischer, Barbara

AU - van Doorn, G. Sander

AU - Dieckmann, Ulf

AU - Taborsky, Barbara

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - When organisms encounter environments that are heterogeneous in time, phenotypic plasticity is often favored by selection. The degree of such plasticity can vary during an organism''s lifetime, but the factors promoting differential plastic responses at different ages or life stages remain poorly understood. Here we develop and analyze an evolutionary model to investigate how environmental information is optimally collected and translated into phenotypic adjustments at different ages. We demonstrate that plasticity must often be expected to vary with age in a nonmonotonic fashion. Early in life, it is generally optimal to delay phenotypic adjustments until sufficient information has been collected about the state of the environment to warrant a costly phenotypic adjustment. Toward the end of life, phenotypic adjustments are disfavored as well because their beneficial effects can no longer be fully reaped before death. Our analysis clarifies how patterns of age-dependent plasticity are shaped by the interplay of environmental uncertainty, the accuracy of perceived information, and the costs of phenotypic adjustments with life-history determinants such as the relative strengths of fecundity and viability selection experienced by the organism over its lifetime. We conclude by comparing our results with expectations for alternative mechanisms, including developmental constraints, that promote age-dependent plasticity.

AB - When organisms encounter environments that are heterogeneous in time, phenotypic plasticity is often favored by selection. The degree of such plasticity can vary during an organism''s lifetime, but the factors promoting differential plastic responses at different ages or life stages remain poorly understood. Here we develop and analyze an evolutionary model to investigate how environmental information is optimally collected and translated into phenotypic adjustments at different ages. We demonstrate that plasticity must often be expected to vary with age in a nonmonotonic fashion. Early in life, it is generally optimal to delay phenotypic adjustments until sufficient information has been collected about the state of the environment to warrant a costly phenotypic adjustment. Toward the end of life, phenotypic adjustments are disfavored as well because their beneficial effects can no longer be fully reaped before death. Our analysis clarifies how patterns of age-dependent plasticity are shaped by the interplay of environmental uncertainty, the accuracy of perceived information, and the costs of phenotypic adjustments with life-history determinants such as the relative strengths of fecundity and viability selection experienced by the organism over its lifetime. We conclude by comparing our results with expectations for alternative mechanisms, including developmental constraints, that promote age-dependent plasticity.

KW - developmental plasticity

KW - plasticity windows

KW - reaction norms

KW - eco-evo-devo

KW - information sampling

KW - dynamic optimization

KW - PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY

KW - QUANTITATIVE GENETICS

KW - REACTION NORMS

KW - COSTS

KW - ENVIRONMENTS

KW - RESPONSES

KW - INFORMATION

KW - PREDATION

KW - JUVENILE

KW - BEHAVIOR

U2 - 10.1086/674008

DO - 10.1086/674008

M3 - Article

VL - 183

SP - 108

EP - 125

JO - The American Naturalist

JF - The American Naturalist

SN - 0003-0147

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 6006795