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The evolution of age-dependent plasticity

Fischer, B., van Doorn, G. S., Dieckmann, U. & Taborsky, B., 1-Jan-2014, In : American Naturalist. 183, 1, p. 108-125 18 p.

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When organisms encounter environments that are heterogeneous in time, phenotypic plasticity is often favored by selection. The degree of such plasticity can vary during an organism''s lifetime, but the factors promoting differential plastic responses at different ages or life stages remain poorly understood. Here we develop and analyze an evolutionary model to investigate how environmental information is optimally collected and translated into phenotypic adjustments at different ages. We demonstrate that plasticity must often be expected to vary with age in a nonmonotonic fashion. Early in life, it is generally optimal to delay phenotypic adjustments until sufficient information has been collected about the state of the environment to warrant a costly phenotypic adjustment. Toward the end of life, phenotypic adjustments are disfavored as well because their beneficial effects can no longer be fully reaped before death. Our analysis clarifies how patterns of age-dependent plasticity are shaped by the interplay of environmental uncertainty, the accuracy of perceived information, and the costs of phenotypic adjustments with life-history determinants such as the relative strengths of fecundity and viability selection experienced by the organism over its lifetime. We conclude by comparing our results with expectations for alternative mechanisms, including developmental constraints, that promote age-dependent plasticity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-125
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican Naturalist
Volume183
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2014

    Keywords

  • developmental plasticity, plasticity windows, reaction norms, eco-evo-devo, information sampling, dynamic optimization, PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY, QUANTITATIVE GENETICS, REACTION NORMS, COSTS, ENVIRONMENTS, RESPONSES, INFORMATION, PREDATION, JUVENILE, BEHAVIOR
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  1. Data from: The evolution of age-dependent plasticity

    Fischer, B. (Creator), Doorn, van, S. (Creator), Dieckmann, U. (Creator), Taborsky, B. (Creator), University of Groningen, 24-Sep-2013

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