The EuroPrevall birth cohort study on food allergy: baseline characteristics of 12,000 newborns and their families from nine European countriesMcBride, D., Keil, T., Grabenhenrich, L., Dubakiene, R., Drasutiene, G., Fiocchi, A., Dahdah, L., Sprikkelman, A. B., Schoemaker, A. A., Roberts, G., Grimshaw, K., Kowalski, M. L., Stanczyk-Przyluska, A., Sigurdardottir, S., Clausen, M., Papadopoulos, N. G., Mitsias, D., Rosenfeld, L., Reche, M., Pascual, C., Reich, A., Hourihane, J., Wahn, U., Mills, E. N. C., Mackie, A. & Beyer, K., May-2012, In : Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. 23, 3, p. 230-239 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
It is unclear why some children develop food allergy. The EuroPrevall birth cohort was established to examine regional differences in the prevalence and risk factors of food allergy in European children using gold-standard diagnostic criteria. The aim of this report was to describe pre-, post-natal and environmental characteristics among the participating countries. In nine countries across four major European climatic regions, mothers and their newborns were enrolled from October 2005 through February 2010. Using standardized questionnaires, we assessed allergic diseases and self-reported food hypersensitivity of parents and siblings, nutrition during pregnancy, nutritional supplements, medications, mode of delivery, socio-demographic data and home environmental exposures. A total of 12,049 babies and their families were recruited. Self-reported adverse reactions to food ever were considerably more common in mothers from Germany (30%), Iceland, United Kingdom, and the Netherlands (all 2022%) compared with those from Italy (11%), Lithuania, Greece, Poland, and Spain (all 58%). Prevalence estimates of parental asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema were highest in north-west (Iceland, UK), followed by west (Germany, the Netherlands), south (Greece, Italy, Spain) and lowest in central and east Europe (Poland, Lithuania). Over 17% of Spanish and Greek children were exposed to tobacco smoke in utero compared with only 811% in other countries. Caesarean section rate was highest in Greece (44%) and lowest in Spain (
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Pediatric Allergy and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - May-2012|
- birth cohort, EuroPrevall, food allergy, food hypersensitivity, Europe, RESPIRATORY HEALTH SURVEY, PEANUT ALLERGY, RISK-FACTORS, PREVALENCE, COMMUNITY, DELIVERY, CHILDREN, INFANTS, ASTHMA, METHODOLOGY