Publication

The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes

Brushett, S., Sinha, T., Reijneveld, S. A., de Kroon, M. L. A. & Zhernakova, A., 29-Jul-2020, In : Frontiers in Pediatrics. 8, p. 408 15 p., 408.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Brushett, S., Sinha, T., Reijneveld, S. A., de Kroon, M. L. A., & Zhernakova, A. (2020). The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 8, 408. [408]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00408

Author

Brushett, Siobhan ; Sinha, Trishla ; Reijneveld, Sijmen A. ; de Kroon, Marlou L. A. ; Zhernakova, Alexandra. / The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes. In: Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2020 ; Vol. 8. pp. 408.

Harvard

Brushett, S, Sinha, T, Reijneveld, SA, de Kroon, MLA & Zhernakova, A 2020, 'The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes', Frontiers in Pediatrics, vol. 8, 408, pp. 408. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00408

Standard

The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes. / Brushett, Siobhan; Sinha, Trishla; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; de Kroon, Marlou L. A.; Zhernakova, Alexandra.

In: Frontiers in Pediatrics, Vol. 8, 408, 29.07.2020, p. 408.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Brushett S, Sinha T, Reijneveld SA, de Kroon MLA, Zhernakova A. The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes. Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2020 Jul 29;8:408. 408. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00408


BibTeX

@article{9b656237edb44f748e8faa3663626748,
title = "The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes",
abstract = "Humans and their gut microbiota have co-evolved over thousands of years, resulting in the establishment of a complex host-microbiota ecosystem. Early life environmental factors, such as delivery mode, nutrition, and medication use, have been shown to substantially affect both host-microbiota interactions and health outcomes. However, the effects of urbanization (characterized by the spectrum of rural and urban populations) on these early life events have been overlooked. A deeper understanding of the relationship between urbanization and microbiota development will allow for the identification of novel biological and social approaches that can be implemented to prevent and treat disease and promote maternal and infant/child health. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize how factors associated with urbanization differentially impact delivery mode, nutrition, and medication use, and how these changes subsequently affect the gut microbiota and health outcomes of infants. This narrative review also describes the important evidence gaps associated with these relationships and recommends actions that can be taken to improve the health of mothers and infants worldwide.",
keywords = "urbanization, gut microbiota, infant, mother, health outcomes, delivery mode, nutrition, medication, HUMAN-MILK MICROBIOME, EXPOSED UNINFECTED INFANTS, INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA, CESAREAN-SECTIONS, HERBAL MEDICINES, MATERNAL WEIGHT, LEVEL ANALYSIS, HIV-INFECTION, 1ST YEAR, IMPACT",
author = "Siobhan Brushett and Trishla Sinha and Reijneveld, {Sijmen A.} and {de Kroon}, {Marlou L. A.} and Alexandra Zhernakova",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Brushett, Sinha, Reijneveld, de Kroon and Zhernakova.",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "29",
doi = "10.3389/fped.2020.00408",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "408",
journal = "Frontiers in Pediatrics",
issn = "2296-2360",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effects of Urbanization on the Infant Gut Microbiota and Health Outcomes

AU - Brushett, Siobhan

AU - Sinha, Trishla

AU - Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

AU - de Kroon, Marlou L. A.

AU - Zhernakova, Alexandra

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Brushett, Sinha, Reijneveld, de Kroon and Zhernakova.

PY - 2020/7/29

Y1 - 2020/7/29

N2 - Humans and their gut microbiota have co-evolved over thousands of years, resulting in the establishment of a complex host-microbiota ecosystem. Early life environmental factors, such as delivery mode, nutrition, and medication use, have been shown to substantially affect both host-microbiota interactions and health outcomes. However, the effects of urbanization (characterized by the spectrum of rural and urban populations) on these early life events have been overlooked. A deeper understanding of the relationship between urbanization and microbiota development will allow for the identification of novel biological and social approaches that can be implemented to prevent and treat disease and promote maternal and infant/child health. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize how factors associated with urbanization differentially impact delivery mode, nutrition, and medication use, and how these changes subsequently affect the gut microbiota and health outcomes of infants. This narrative review also describes the important evidence gaps associated with these relationships and recommends actions that can be taken to improve the health of mothers and infants worldwide.

AB - Humans and their gut microbiota have co-evolved over thousands of years, resulting in the establishment of a complex host-microbiota ecosystem. Early life environmental factors, such as delivery mode, nutrition, and medication use, have been shown to substantially affect both host-microbiota interactions and health outcomes. However, the effects of urbanization (characterized by the spectrum of rural and urban populations) on these early life events have been overlooked. A deeper understanding of the relationship between urbanization and microbiota development will allow for the identification of novel biological and social approaches that can be implemented to prevent and treat disease and promote maternal and infant/child health. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize how factors associated with urbanization differentially impact delivery mode, nutrition, and medication use, and how these changes subsequently affect the gut microbiota and health outcomes of infants. This narrative review also describes the important evidence gaps associated with these relationships and recommends actions that can be taken to improve the health of mothers and infants worldwide.

KW - urbanization

KW - gut microbiota

KW - infant

KW - mother

KW - health outcomes

KW - delivery mode

KW - nutrition

KW - medication

KW - HUMAN-MILK MICROBIOME

KW - EXPOSED UNINFECTED INFANTS

KW - INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA

KW - CESAREAN-SECTIONS

KW - HERBAL MEDICINES

KW - MATERNAL WEIGHT

KW - LEVEL ANALYSIS

KW - HIV-INFECTION

KW - 1ST YEAR

KW - IMPACT

U2 - 10.3389/fped.2020.00408

DO - 10.3389/fped.2020.00408

M3 - Review article

C2 - 32903831

VL - 8

SP - 408

JO - Frontiers in Pediatrics

JF - Frontiers in Pediatrics

SN - 2296-2360

M1 - 408

ER -

ID: 133024074