The dynamics of foreign versus second language development in Finnish writing

Tilma, C., 2014, [S.l.]: [S.n.]. 208 p.

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  • Corinne Tilma
This longitudinal study from a dynamic perspective explores the development of eight beginner learners of Finnish, as foreign (FL; the Netherlands; focus: grammar) and second (L2; Finland; focus: meaning) language. The study explores complexity and accuracy measures in writing and looks for differences in outcomes between the groups and differences in developmental patterns and interactions over time (nine months) between measures (one focal learner per group).
The group study shows similarities in syntactic and morphological complexity during the time span but differences in case use and some related complexity and accuracy measures.
The focal learner study shows differences in measures related to cases between the focal L2 learner and her group but many similarities between the two focal learners. However, the FL learner shows steeper peaks, indicating a greater degree of development and more complexity and accuracy early on; the focus on grammar helps to discover forms and use them from the beginning. For the L2 learner the process takes longer but once the forms are used, this is done relatively more correctly. The study shows several similarities in interactions over time between measures, cautiously regarded as general developmental patterns for learners of Finnish, and shows several different interactions between measures, supporting the idea of different learning trajectories of case use; the FL learner does not learn complexity and case uses simultaneously while the L2 learner learns words and their use more holistically in context, cautiously regarded as due to language learning context or types of instruction.
Translated title of the contributionDe dynamiek van vreemde versus tweede taalontwikkeling in Finse schrijfvaardigheid
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Bot, de, Cornelis, Supervisor
  • Verspoor, Marjolijn, Co-supervisor
  • Martin, Maisa, Co-supervisor, External person
  • Dufva, Hannele , Assessment committee, External person
  • Kalliokoski, Jyrki, Assessment committee, External person
  • Housen, Alex, Assessment committee, External person
  • Glopper, de, Cornelis, Assessment committee
Award date30-Oct-2014
Place of Publication[S.l.]
Print ISBNs978-951-39-5868-8
Electronic ISBNs978-951-39-5869-5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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