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The Development of Facial Lipofilling from a Historical Point of View

van Dongen, J. A., van Boxtel, J., Harmsen, M. C. & Stevens, H. P., Aug-2019, In : JAMA facial plastic surgery. 35, 4, p. 358-367 10 p.

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  • The Development of Facial Lipofilling from a Historical Point of View

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DOI

Lipofilling, the transplantation of adipose tissue, has already been used since the end of the 19th century. For decades, lipofilling was used to restore loss of volume due to aging, trauma, or congenital defects. Later on, the indications for the use of lipofilling expanded by treating aged skin, scars, and improving wound healing. The expansion was caused by the discovery of adipose derived stromal cells (ASCs) in adipose tissue and the development of very fine harvesting and injection cannulas which made it possible to inject small adipose tissue particles in small volume areas, such as the face. ASCs are multipotent stromal cells which reside in the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue and are able to differentiate in multiple cell lineages and secrete a plurality of growth factors with regenerative potentials. The discovery of ASCs led toward more experimental cell-based therapies, that is, ASCs or SVF isolated by means of enzymatic isolation procedures. Later on, enzymatic isolation procedures were forbidden in many countries by legislation and were replaced by mechanical isolation procedures, such as the Nanofat and Fractionation of Adipose Tissue (FAT) procedures. The Nanofat procedure has been extensively investigated, especially as treatment for skin rejuvenation in the face. Though, substantial evidence is lacking for using facial lipofilling or any therapeutic component, that is, ASCs or SVF for skin rejuvenation to date. In contrast, facial lipofilling to restore loss of volume seems to be promising.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-367
Number of pages10
JournalJAMA facial plastic surgery
Volume35
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2019

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