Publication

The Cost- Effectiveness of Two Forms of Case Management Compared to a Control Group for Persons with Dementia and Their Informal Caregivers from a Societal Perspective

Vroomen, J. M., Bosmans, J. E., Eekhout, I., Joling, K. J., van Mierlo, L. D., Meiland, F. J. M., van Hout, H. P. J. & de Rooij, S. E., 21-Sep-2016, In : PLoS ONE. 11, 9, 20 p., e0160908.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Janet MacNeil Vroomen
  • Judith E. Bosmans
  • Iris Eekhout
  • Karlijn J. Joling
  • Lisa D. van Mierlo
  • Franka J. M. Meiland
  • Hein P. J. van Hout
  • Sophia E. de Rooij

Objectives

The objective of this article was to compare the costs and cost-effectiveness of the two most prominent types of case management in the Netherlands (intensive case management and linkage models) against no access to case management (control group) for people with already diagnosed dementia and their informal caregivers.

Methods

The economic evaluation was conducted from a societal perspective embedded within a two year prospective, observational, controlled, cohort study with 521 informal caregivers and community-dwelling persons with dementia. Case management provided within one care organization (intensive case management model, ICMM), case management where care was provided by different care organizations within one region (Linkage model, LM), and a group with no access to case management (control) were compared. The economic evaluation related incremental costs to incremental effects regarding neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPI), psychological health of the informal caregiver (GHQ-12), and quality adjusted life years (QALY) of the person with dementia and informal caregiver.

Results

Inverse-propensity-score-weighted models showed no significant differences in clinical or total cost outcomes between the three groups. Informal care costs were significantly lower in the ICMM group compared to both other groups. Day center costs were significantly lower in the ICMM group compared to the control group. For all outcomes, the probability that the ICMM was cost-effective in comparison with LM and the control group was larger than 0.97 at a threshold ratio of 0 (sic)/incremental unit of effect.

Conclusion

This study provides preliminary evidence that the ICMM is cost-effective compared to the control group and the LM. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution since this study was not a randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0160908
Number of pages20
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 21-Sep-2016

    Keywords

  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, ECONOMIC-EVALUATION, MISSING DATA, HEALTH-CARE, UTILITY, DESIGN, NEED

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