Publication

The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward

Trias-Llimós, S., Kunst, A. E., Jasilionis, D. & Janssen, F., Jun-2018, In : International Journal of Epidemiology. 47, 3, p. 731-739

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Trias-Llimós, S., Kunst, A. E., Jasilionis, D., & Janssen, F. (2018). The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward. International Journal of Epidemiology, 47(3), 731-739. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx244

Author

Trias-Llimós, Sergi ; Kunst, Anton E ; Jasilionis, Domantas ; Janssen, Fanny. / The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward. In: International Journal of Epidemiology. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 3. pp. 731-739.

Harvard

Trias-Llimós, S, Kunst, AE, Jasilionis, D & Janssen, F 2018, 'The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 731-739. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx244

Standard

The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward. / Trias-Llimós, Sergi; Kunst, Anton E; Jasilionis, Domantas; Janssen, Fanny.

In: International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 47, No. 3, 06.2018, p. 731-739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Trias-Llimós S, Kunst AE, Jasilionis D, Janssen F. The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2018 Jun;47(3):731-739. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx244


BibTeX

@article{6f4a5e3ba4c74fa3b1532937d37f16af,
title = "The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward",
abstract = "Background: Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries have lower life expectancies and higher alcohol-attributable mortality than Western European countries. We examine the contribution of alcohol consumption to mortality across Europe, and specifically to the East-West life expectancy gap from 1990 onward.Methods: We retrieved alcohol-attributable mortality rates (GBD Study 2013) and all-cause mortality rates (Human Mortality Database) by age and sex for nine CEE countries and for the EU-15 countries. We assessed country-specific potential gains in life expectancy (PGLE) by eliminating alcohol-attributable mortality using associated single decrement life tables. We decomposed the life expectancy differences between each CEE country and the EU-15 population-weighted average for 1990-2012/13 into alcohol-attributable and non-alcohol-attributable mortality.Results: In 2012/13, the PGLE for men and women were, respectively, 2.15 and 1.00 years in the CEE region and 0.90 and 0.44 years in the EU-15 region. The contribution of alcohol to the East-West gap in life expectancy was largest among men in Russia {2.88 years [uncertainty interval (UI): 1.57-4.06]}, Belarus [3.70 years (UI: 1.75-5.45)] and Ukraine [2.47 years (UI: 0.90-3.88)]. The relative contributions increased in most of the countries between 1990 and 2005 (on average, from 17.0{\%} to 25.4{\%} for men, and from 14.7{\%} to 22.5{\%} for women), and declined thereafter (20.2{\%} for men and 20.5{\%} for women in 2012/13).Conclusions: Alcohol contributed substantially to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe, and to its increase (1990-2005) and decline (2005 onward). Diminishing alcohol consumption in CEE countries to Western European levels can contribute to mortality convergence across Europe.",
keywords = "Alcohol, life expectancy, East-West gap, mortality, Europe, ATTRIBUTABLE MORTALITY, CONSUMPTION, DRINKING, COUNTRIES, DISEASE, DIVERGENCE, POLICY, STATES, VIEW",
author = "Sergi Trias-Llim{\'o}s and Kunst, {Anton E} and Domantas Jasilionis and Fanny Janssen",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1093/ije/dyx244",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "731--739",
journal = "International Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0300-5771",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The contribution of alcohol to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe from 1990 onward

AU - Trias-Llimós, Sergi

AU - Kunst, Anton E

AU - Jasilionis, Domantas

AU - Janssen, Fanny

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Background: Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries have lower life expectancies and higher alcohol-attributable mortality than Western European countries. We examine the contribution of alcohol consumption to mortality across Europe, and specifically to the East-West life expectancy gap from 1990 onward.Methods: We retrieved alcohol-attributable mortality rates (GBD Study 2013) and all-cause mortality rates (Human Mortality Database) by age and sex for nine CEE countries and for the EU-15 countries. We assessed country-specific potential gains in life expectancy (PGLE) by eliminating alcohol-attributable mortality using associated single decrement life tables. We decomposed the life expectancy differences between each CEE country and the EU-15 population-weighted average for 1990-2012/13 into alcohol-attributable and non-alcohol-attributable mortality.Results: In 2012/13, the PGLE for men and women were, respectively, 2.15 and 1.00 years in the CEE region and 0.90 and 0.44 years in the EU-15 region. The contribution of alcohol to the East-West gap in life expectancy was largest among men in Russia {2.88 years [uncertainty interval (UI): 1.57-4.06]}, Belarus [3.70 years (UI: 1.75-5.45)] and Ukraine [2.47 years (UI: 0.90-3.88)]. The relative contributions increased in most of the countries between 1990 and 2005 (on average, from 17.0% to 25.4% for men, and from 14.7% to 22.5% for women), and declined thereafter (20.2% for men and 20.5% for women in 2012/13).Conclusions: Alcohol contributed substantially to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe, and to its increase (1990-2005) and decline (2005 onward). Diminishing alcohol consumption in CEE countries to Western European levels can contribute to mortality convergence across Europe.

AB - Background: Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries have lower life expectancies and higher alcohol-attributable mortality than Western European countries. We examine the contribution of alcohol consumption to mortality across Europe, and specifically to the East-West life expectancy gap from 1990 onward.Methods: We retrieved alcohol-attributable mortality rates (GBD Study 2013) and all-cause mortality rates (Human Mortality Database) by age and sex for nine CEE countries and for the EU-15 countries. We assessed country-specific potential gains in life expectancy (PGLE) by eliminating alcohol-attributable mortality using associated single decrement life tables. We decomposed the life expectancy differences between each CEE country and the EU-15 population-weighted average for 1990-2012/13 into alcohol-attributable and non-alcohol-attributable mortality.Results: In 2012/13, the PGLE for men and women were, respectively, 2.15 and 1.00 years in the CEE region and 0.90 and 0.44 years in the EU-15 region. The contribution of alcohol to the East-West gap in life expectancy was largest among men in Russia {2.88 years [uncertainty interval (UI): 1.57-4.06]}, Belarus [3.70 years (UI: 1.75-5.45)] and Ukraine [2.47 years (UI: 0.90-3.88)]. The relative contributions increased in most of the countries between 1990 and 2005 (on average, from 17.0% to 25.4% for men, and from 14.7% to 22.5% for women), and declined thereafter (20.2% for men and 20.5% for women in 2012/13).Conclusions: Alcohol contributed substantially to the East-West life expectancy gap in Europe, and to its increase (1990-2005) and decline (2005 onward). Diminishing alcohol consumption in CEE countries to Western European levels can contribute to mortality convergence across Europe.

KW - Alcohol

KW - life expectancy

KW - East-West gap

KW - mortality

KW - Europe

KW - ATTRIBUTABLE MORTALITY

KW - CONSUMPTION

KW - DRINKING

KW - COUNTRIES

KW - DISEASE

KW - DIVERGENCE

KW - POLICY

KW - STATES

KW - VIEW

U2 - 10.1093/ije/dyx244

DO - 10.1093/ije/dyx244

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 731

EP - 739

JO - International Journal of Epidemiology

JF - International Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0300-5771

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 51632151