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The association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of the maternal cystathionine-beta-synthase gene with early-onset preeclampsia

Holwerda, K. M., Weedon-Fekjaer, M. S., Staff, A. C., Nolte, I. M., van Goor, H., Lely, A. T. & Faas, M. M., Jan-2016, In : Pregnancy Hypertension. 6, 1, p. 60-65 6 p.

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  • The association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of the maternal cystathionine

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Objectives: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy complication, characterized by hypertension and proteinuria. The transsulfuration pathway may be involved in its pathophysiology, since homocysteine, cystathionine and cysteine are increased in PE. Cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) is a key-enzyme in the pathway, converting homocysteine into cysteine via cystathionine. Another product of CBS is hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a vasodilatory, proangiogenic and cytoprotective gas that is thought to play a role in placental and vascular function during pregnancy. Since single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can affect CBS expression and/or function, we studied tag-SNPs in the CBS gene in PE patients.

Study design: Controls (n = 75), early-onset (n = 45), and late-onset PE (n = 52) cases were genotyped for six tag-SNPs in the CBS gene; rs12329764, rs2851391, rs234713, rs234706, rs1789953, and rs11203172. Plasma homocysteine, cysteine and cystathionine were determined during pregnancy. Main outcome measures: Early-onset PE, late-onset PE.

Results: Women with the minor allele of rs11203172 have a reduced risk for early-onset PE. Compared to women without the minor allele, normotensive pregnant women with the minor allele of rs11203172 and rs234713 have lower cysteine levels. Women with the minor allele of rs1789953 have increased levels of cysteine and cystathionine, compared to women without.

Conclusion: The CBS tag-SNP rs11203172 is associated with a decreased risk for early-onset PE. Decreased cysteine concentrations in normotensive pregnant women carrying the minor allele of rs11203172, may be due to increased cysteine conversion to H2S by CBS. Higher H2S levels may positively affect placentation and vascular" function during pregnancy and decrease their risk for PE. (C) 2015 International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2016

    Keywords

  • Cystathionine-beta-synthase, Hydrogen sulfide, Preeclampsia, Single nucleotide polymorphisms, Transsulfuration pathway, HYDROGEN-SULFIDE, HOMOCYSTEINE METABOLISM, PREGNANCY, PLASMA, CYSTEINE, HYPERTENSION, MORTALITY, PLACENTA

ID: 30437153