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The association between orthostatic hypotension, falling and successful rehabilitation in a nursing home population

Hartog, L. C., Cizmar-Sweelssen, M., Knipscheer, A., Groenier, K. H., Kleefstra, N., Bilo, H. J. G. & van Hateren, K. J. J., 2015, In : Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 61, 2, p. 190-196 7 p.

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  • The association between orthostatic hypotension, falling and successful rehabilitation

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Purpose of the study: Our objectives were to identify the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in frail, elderly nursing home residents, and assess its possible association with falling and chances of successful rehabilitation.

Materials and methods: A prospective observational cohort study. A total of 290 patients participated in this study, of which 128 were admitted to the rehabilitation department. OH was defined as a drop in systolic blood pressure of >20 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of >10 mmHg after postural change within 3 min. The analyses regarding falling and successful rehabilitation were only performed in the rehabilitation group. Multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe risk factors related with falling. Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to investigate the relation between OH and the time to successful rehabilitation.

Results: The prevalence of OH in the studied nursing home population was 36.6% (95% CI (confidence interval): 31.1-42.1%). The prevalence varied from 28.6% (95% CI: 16.8-40.4%) in somatic patients, 36.7% (95% CI: 28.4-45.1%) in rehabilitation patients, to 40.6% (95% CI: 31.3-50.0%) in psychogeriatric patients. The association between orthostatic hypotension and previous falling was not significant; Odds ratio 0.66 (95% CI: 0.30-1.48). The Hazard ratio of the relationship between OH and successful rehabilitation was 2.88 (95% CI: 1.77-4.69).

Conclusions: OH is highly prevalent in nursing home residents. Surprisingly, patients with OH were found to have a higher chance of successful rehabilitation compared to patients without OH. If confirmed in other studies, these results may change our view of the implications of OH. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-196
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume61
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

  • Orthostatic hypotension, Nursing home residents, Fall risk, Blood pressure, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, OLDER-PEOPLE, RISK-FACTORS, MORTALITY, METAANALYSIS, MANAGEMENT, DIAGNOSIS

ID: 28345909