The Association Between Delirium and the Apolipoprotein E Epsilon 4 Allele: New Study Results and a Meta-Analysis

van Munster, B. C., Korevaar, J. C., Zwinderman, A. H., Leeflang, M. M. & de Rooij, S. E. J. A., Oct-2009, In : American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 17, 10, p. 856-862 7 p.

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  • The Association Between Delirium and the Apolipoprotein E Epsilon 4 Allele

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Objectives: To determine a possible association between Apolipoprotein E (APOE)sigma 4-allele and delirium in a large cohort and combining these current data with former studies in a meta-analysis. Design: Combination of a new prospective cohort study and meta-analysis. Setting: Medical department and orthopedic/traumatology department of University hospital from 2003 to 2007. Participants: A total of 656 patients aged 65 years and older acutely admitted with a medical diagnosis or after hip fracture. Measurements: Confusion Assessment Method for delirium, Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline-short form for predelirium global cognitive impairment, and Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living for functionality. APOE was genotyped by mass spectrometer. A meta-analysis was performed combining the current data with published studies analyzing the association between the APOE sigma 4-allele and the delirium. Results: The 49% of the 76 surgical patients and 35% of the 580 medical patients experienced delirium. Delirious patients were significantly older (82 versus 77 years) and had more frequently functional (66% versus 26%) and cognitive impairment (86% versus 29%) than nondelirious patients. The odds ratio (OR) for delirium adjusted for age, cognitive, and functional impairment of sigma 4 carriers compared with non-sigma 4 carriers was 1.7 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-2.6). Four studies were added to the meta-analysis, which included 1,099 patients in total. The OR for delirium in the meta-analysis was 1.6 (95% CI: 0.9-2.7) of sigma 4 carriers compared with non-sigma 4 carriers. Conclusions: This study and meta-analysis suggest an association between delirium and the APOE sigma 4 allele. (Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2009; 17: 856-862)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)856-862
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Delirium, apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 allele, cognitive impairment, elderly, polymorphism, pathophysiology, PRECIPITATING FACTORS, MEDICAL INPATIENTS, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, ELDERLY-PATIENTS, OLDER PATIENTS, CYTOKINES, DEMENTIA, SURGERY, IQCODE, RISK

ID: 34080320