Publication

The acute effects of cocoa flavanols on temporal and spatial attention

Karabay, A., Saija, J., Field, D. & Akyürek, E., May-2018, In : Psychopharmacology. 235, 5, p. 1497-1511 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard

Documents

  • The acute effects of cocoa flavanols on temporal and spatial attention

    Final publisher's version, 1 MB, PDF document

DOI

In this study, we investigated how the acute physiological effects of cocoa flavanols might result in specific cognitive changes, in particular in temporal and spatial attention. To this end, we pre-registered and implemented a randomized, double-blind, placebo- and baseline-controlled crossover design. A sample of 48 university students participated in the study and each of them completed the experimental tasks in four conditions (baseline, placebo, low dose, and high-dose flavanol), administered in separate sessions with a 1-week washout interval. A rapid serial visual presentation task was used to test flavanol effects on temporal attention and integration, and a visual search task was similarly employed to investigate spatial attention. Results indicated that cocoa flavanols improved visual search efficiency, reflected by reduced reaction time. However, cocoa flavanols did not facilitate temporal attention nor integration, suggesting that flavanols may affect some aspects of attention, but not others. Potential underlying mechanisms are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1497-1511
Number of pages15
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume235
Issue number5
Early online date3-Mar-2018
Publication statusPublished - May-2018

    Keywords

  • cocoa flavanols, rapid serial visual presentation, Visual search, attention, Temporal integration, SERIAL VISUAL PRESENTATION, NITRIC-OXIDE, RICH COCOA, COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE, WORKING-MEMORY, FLAVONOIDS, CHOCOLATE, BLINK, POLYPHENOLS, HUMANS
Related Datasets
  1. Data for: The acute effects of cocoa flavanols on temporal and spatial attention

    Karabay, A. (Creator), Saija, J. (Creator), Field, D. (Creator), Akyürek, E. (Creator), University of Groningen, 16-Feb-2018

    Dataset

View all (1) »

View graph of relations

ID: 54075169