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The 6-hydroxychromanol derivative SUL-109 ameliorates renal injury after deep hypothermia and rewarming in rats

Vogelaar, P. C., Roorda, M., de Vrij, E. L., Houwertjes, M. C., Goris, M., Bouma, H., van der Graaf, A. C., Krenning, G. & Henning, R. H., Dec-2018, In : Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 33, 12, p. 2128-2138 11 p.

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  • The 6-hydroxychromanol derivative SUL-109 ameliorates renal injury

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Background. Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in kidney damage in various pathologies, including acute and chronic kidney injury and diabetic nephropathy. In addition to the well-studied ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, hypothermia/rewarming (H/R) also inflicts acute kidney injury. Substituted 6-hydroxychromanols are a novel class of mitochondrial medicines that ameliorate mitochondrial oxidative stress and protect the mitochondrial network. To identify a novel 6-hydroxychromanol that protects mitochondrial structure and function in the kidney during H/R, we screened multiple compounds in vitro and subsequently assessed the efficacy of the 6-hydroxychromanol derivatives SUL-109 and SUL-121 in vivo to protect against kidney injury after H/R in rats.

Methods. Human proximal tubule cell viability was assessed following exposure to H/R for 48/4 h in the presence of various 6-hydroxychromanols. Selected compounds (SUL-109, SUL-121) or vehicle were administered to ketamine-anaesthetized male Wistar rats (IV 135 mu g/kg/h) undergoing H/R at 15 degrees C for 3 h followed by rewarming and normothermia for 1 h. Metabolic parameters and body temperature were measured throughout. In addition, renal function, renal injury, histopathology and mitochondrial fitness were assessed.

Results. H/R injury in vitro lowered cell viability by 94 +/- 61%, which was counteracted dose-dependently by multiple 6-hydroxy-chomanols derivatives. In vivo, H/R in rats showed kidney injury molecule 1 expression in the kidney and tubular dilation, accompanied by double-strand DNA breaks and protein nitrosylation. SUL-109 and SUL-121 ameliorated tubular kidney damage, preserved mitochondrial mass and maintained cortical adenosine 50-triphosphate (ATP) levels, although SUL-121 did not reduce protein nitrosylation.

Conclusions. The substituted 6-hydroxychromanols SUL-109 and SUL-121 ameliorate kidney injury during in vivo H/R by preserving mitochondrial mass, function and ATP levels. In addition, both 6-hydroxychromanols limit DNA damage, but only SUL-109 also prevented protein nitrosylation in tubular cells. Therefore SUL-109 offers a promising therapeutic strategy to preserve kidney mitochondrial function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2128-2138
Number of pages11
JournalNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Volume33
Issue number12
Early online date11-Apr-2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2018

    Keywords

  • 6-hydroxychromanol, hypothermia/rewarming, mitochondria, renal injury, tubular cells, ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY, ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY, MITOCHONDRIAL-FUNCTION, ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL, TUBULAR CELLS, MECHANISMS, ANTIOXIDANTS, DYSFUNCTION, PREVENTION, MEMBRANES

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