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TGFβ-Signaling and FOXG1-Expression Are a Hallmark of Astrocyte Lineage Diversity in the Murine Ventral and Dorsal Forebrain

Weise, S. C., Villarreal, A., Heidrich, S., Dehghanian, F., Schachtrup, C., Nestel, S., Schwarz, J., Thedieck, K. & Vogel, T., 28-Nov-2018, In : Frontiers in cellular neuroscience. 12, 16 p., 448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Stefan Christopher Weise
  • Alejandro Villarreal
  • Stefanie Heidrich
  • Fariba Dehghanian
  • Christian Schachtrup
  • Sigrun Nestel
  • Jennifer Schwarz
  • Kathrin Thedieck
  • Tanja Vogel

Heterogeneous astrocyte populations are defined by diversity in cellular environment, progenitor identity or function. Yet, little is known about the extent of the heterogeneity and how this diversity is acquired during development. To investigate the impact of TGF (transforming growth factor) β-signaling on astrocyte development in the telencephalon we deleted the TGFBR2 (transforming growth factor beta receptor 2) in early neural progenitor cells in mice using a FOXG1 (forkhead box G1)-driven CRE-recombinase. We used quantitative proteomics to characterize TGFBR2-deficient cells derived from the mouse telencephalon and identified differential protein expression of the astrocyte proteins GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) and MFGE8 (milk fat globule-EGF factor 8). Biochemical and histological investigations revealed distinct populations of astrocytes in the dorsal and ventral telencephalon marked by GFAP or MFGE8 protein expression. The two subtypes differed in their response to TGFβ-signaling. Impaired TGFβ-signaling affected numbers of GFAP astrocytes in the ventral telencephalon. In contrast, TGFβ reduced MFGE8-expression in astrocytes deriving from both regions. Additionally, lineage tracing revealed that both GFAP and MFGE8 astrocyte subtypes derived partly from FOXG1-expressing neural precursor cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number448
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in cellular neuroscience
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 28-Nov-2018

    Keywords

  • lineage-tracing, neural differentiation, SILAC, Tgfbr2 knockout, astrocyte-diversity, GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, IN-VITRO, PROGENITOR CELLS, NEURAL STEM, AMINO-ACIDS, PROTOPLASMIC ASTROCYTES, ANTI-INFLAMMATION, AMPA RECEPTORS, NEURONAL LOSS

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