Taxonomy and structure of the Romanian personality lexicon

Burtaverde, V. & De Raad, B., Jun-2019, In : International Journal of Psychology. 54, 3, p. 377-387 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard


  • Taxonomy and structure of the Romanian personality lexicon

    Final publisher's version, 269 KB, PDF document

    Request copy


We identified 1746 personality-relevant trait-adjectives in a Romanian dictionary, of which 412 were classified as descriptors of dispositions by 10 judges. Self-ratings were collected from 515 participants on those 412 adjectives, and the ratings were factored using principal components analysis. Solutions with different numbers of factors were analysed. The two- and three-factor solutions, respectively, confirmed the Big Two and Big Three of personality traits. A five-factor solution reflected the Big Five model with a fifth factor emphasising Rebelliousness versus Conventionality. The five-factor solution was related to the International Personality Item Pool-Big Five scales, and the highest correlations were indeed between the corresponding factors and scales. A six-factor solution was indicative of the six-factor model as expressed in the HEXACO model, yet with a weak Honesty-Humility factor. Additional analysis with self-ratings from 218 participants on marker-scales for the six-factor solution and on the six scales of the HEXACO did not produce a clear one-to-one correspondence between the two sets of scales, confirming indeed that the six-factor model was only partially found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2019


  • Trait-taxonomy, Personality structure, Psycho-lexical approach, HIGHER-ORDER FACTORS, DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES, DIMENSIONS, BIG-5, LANGUAGE, GENDER, MODEL

ID: 118513699