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Synthesis of fatty acid starch esters in supercritical carbon dioxide

Muljana, H., van der Knoop, S., Keijzer, D., Picchioni, F., Janssen, L. P. B. M. & Heeres, H. J., 5-Sep-2010, In : Carbohydrate Polymers. 82, 2, p. 346-354 9 p.

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DOI

This manuscript describes an exploratory study on the synthesis of fatty acid/potato starch esters using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) as the solvent. The effects of process variables such as pressure (6-25 MPa), temperature (120-150 degrees C) and various basic catalysts and fatty acid derivatives (methyl- and vinyl esters and anhydrides) on the degree of substitution (DS) were explored in a batch reactor set-up. Products with a broad range of DS values (0.01-0.31) were obtained, the actual values depending on process conditions, type of catalyst and the fatty acid reagent. The combination of K(2)CO(3) and vinyl laurate gave the highest DS values (DS = 0.31 at 150 degrees C, 8 MPa). The introduction of the fatty acid chains has a profound effect on product properties like hydrophobicity and thermal behavior. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-354
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume82
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5-Sep-2010

    Keywords

  • Fatty acid starch esters, Potato starch, Starch laurate, Supercritical CO(2), PRESSURE PHASE-EQUILIBRIA, POTATO STARCH, CHEMICAL-MODIFICATION, THERMAL-PROPERTIES, ACETIC-ANHYDRIDE, METHYL PALMITATE, ORGANIC-SOLVENT, VINYL-ACETATE, CORN STARCH, PART 2

ID: 5134284