Synthesis and characterization of hydroxyl-functionalized caprolactone copolymers and their effect on adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

Seyednejad, H., Vermonden, T., Fedorovich, N. E., van Eijk, R., van Steenbergen, M. J., Dhert, W. J. A., van Nostrum, C. F. & Hennink, W. E., 9-Nov-2009, In : Biomacromolecules. 10, 11, p. 3048-54 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Hajar Seyednejad
  • Tina Vermonden
  • Natalja E Fedorovich
  • Roel van Eijk
  • Mies J van Steenbergen
  • Wouter J A Dhert
  • Cornelus F van Nostrum
  • Wim E Hennink

The aim of this study was to develop new hydrophilic polyesters for tissue engineering applications. In our approach, poly(benzyloxymethyl glycolide-co-epsilon-caprolactone)s (pBHMG-CLs) were synthesized through melt copolymerization of epsilon-caprolactone (CL) and benzyl-protected hydroxymethyl glycolide (BHMG). Deprotection of the polymers yielded copolymers with pendant hydroxyl groups, poly(hydroxymethylglycolide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (pHMG-CL). The synthesized polymers were characterized by GPC, NMR, and DSC techniques. The resulting copolymers consisting of up to 10% of HMG monomer were semicrystalline with a melting temperature above body temperature. Water contact angle measurements of polymeric films showed that increasing HMG content resulted in higher surface hydrophilicity, as evidenced from a decrease in receding contact angle from 68 degrees for PCL to 40 degrees for 10% HMG-CL. Human mesenchymal stem cells showed good adherence onto pHMG-CL films as compared to the more hydrophobic PCL surfaces. The cells survived and were able to differentiate toward osteogenic lineage on pHMG-CL surfaces. This study shows that the aforementioned hydrophilic polymers are attractive candidates for the design of scaffolds for tissue engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3048-54
Number of pages7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 9-Nov-2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Caproates, Cell Adhesion, Cell Differentiation, Cell Proliferation, Cells, Cultured, Humans, Hydroxyl Radical, Lactones, Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, Polymers

ID: 19628967