Student-athletes’ need for competence, effort, and attributions of success and failure: Differences between sport and school

Van Yperen, N. W., Hartigh, den, R., Visscher, C. & Elferink-Gemser, M., 25-Oct-2019, In : Journal of Applied Sport Psychology.

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Our purpose was to show that highly skilled student-athletes (n1⁄4146, 41.1% female, mean age 14.1years) differ across domains with regard to their need for competence, effort, and attributions. As hypothesized, the results show that relative to the school domain, in the sport domain, student-athletes had a stronger need for competence, a higher willingness to exert effort, and a stronger tendency to ascribe positive outcomes to personal effort, regardless of sex and sport. For professional practice, our findings imply that effective psychological interventions such as attributional retraining should vary across domains, particularly in case of explaining positive outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 25-Oct-2019

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