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Structural Comparison of a Promiscuous and a Highly Specific Sucrose 6F-Phosphate Phosphorylase

Franceus, J., Capra, N., Desmet, T. & Thunnissen, A-M. W. H., 11-Aug-2019, In : International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 20, 16, 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

In family GH13 of the carbohydrate-active enzyme database, subfamily 18 contains glycoside phosphorylases that act on α-sugars and glucosides. Because their phosphorolysis reactions are effectively reversible, these enzymes are of interest for the biocatalytic synthesis of various glycosidic compounds. Sucrose 6F-phosphate phosphorylases (SPPs) constitute one of the known substrate specificities. Here, we report the characterization of an SPP from Ilumatobacter coccineus with a far stricter specificity than the previously described promiscuous SPP from Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum. Crystal structures of both SPPs were determined to provide insight into their similarities and differences. The residues responsible for binding the fructose 6-phosphate group in subsite +1 were found to differ considerably between the two enzymes. Furthermore, several variants that introduce a higher degree of substrate promiscuity in the strict SPP from I. coccineus were designed. These results contribute to an expanded structural knowledge of enzymes in subfamily GH13_18 and facilitate their rational engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 11-Aug-2019

    Keywords

  • sucrose phosphorylase, glycoside phosphorylase; Ilumatobacter coccineus; Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum;, crystallography, Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum, Ilumatobacter coccineus, SEQUENCE, DIVERSITY, MECHANISM, PHOSPHATE, CATALYSIS, REVEALS, MUTANT, TOOLS, SITE

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