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Strongly enhanced IL-10 production using stable galectin-1 homodimers

van der Leij, J., van den Berg, A., Harms, G., Eschbach, H., Vos, H., Zwiers, P., van Weeghel, R., Groen, H., Poppema, S. & Visser, L., Jan-2007, In : Molecular Immunology. 44, 4, p. 506 - 513 8 p.

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Galectin-1 is the homodimeric form of a protein, which is present in a dynamic equilibrium with the beta-galactoside monomeric form and has potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating effects. These favorable effects are probably related to the induction of apoptosis in activated T cells and the induction of IL-10, which have been demonstrated to be characteristic for the dimeric form of the protein. Based on these findings it can be speculated that the in vivo effects of galectin-1 can be improved by the generation of stable galectin-1 homodimers (dGal). To test this hypothesis we produced leucine-zipper based stable galectin-1 homodimers and tested its apoptosis inducing effects on MOLT-4 cells and its immunomodulatory effects in vitro on PBMC of five independent donors. Phosphatidylserine exposure and a drop in mitochondrial membrane potential was strongly enhanced on MOLT-4 cells upon treatment with dGal as compared to wtGal. The minimal effective concentration was 20-fold reduced as compared to the minimal effective wtGal concentration. dGal showed enhanced induction of IL-10 on total PBMC as compared to treatment with wild-type protein (wtGal). The minimal effective dGal concentration was 100-fold lower than that of wtGal. Of the purified cell populations monocytes are the strongest IL-10 producers, whereas T cells induce IL-10 at a lower level and no induction is observed in B cells. Besides induction of IL-10, dGal caused an increase in IL-1 beta production in all donors and a reduction of IL-2 production in 3 out of 5 donors, whereas no consistent changes were observed for other inflammatory cytokines. In summary, we demonstrated that dGal shows enhanced effects at strongly reduced concentrations. Application of dGal may therefore serve as an improved treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506 - 513
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume44
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2007

    Keywords

  • stable galectin-1 homodimers, IL10, apoptosis, GALACTOSIDE-BINDING LECTIN, T-CELL DEATH, RECOMBINANT GALECTIN-1, TYROSINE-PHOSPHATASE, APOPTOTIC SIGNAL, RECEPTOR, CD45, LYMPHOCYTES, EXPRESSION, IL-1-BETA

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